Class Notes (806,507)
Canada (492,261)
POLB80H3 (152)
G Cupchik (4)

Class 3 Lecture Notes POLB80.docx

9 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Toronto Scarborough
Political Science
G Cupchik

Lecture 3 (recorded) Sept 25/12 AGENDA IR Forum How did we get here I: Post Cold war World Realism Liberalism COLD WAR HISTORY AND POST-COLD WAR WORLD Flow o No DIRECT super power conflict The quintessential aspect of the Cold War being a cold war as opposed to it being a hot war The US and the Soviet Union never actually fought NUCLEAR DETERRENCE and MUTUALLY ASSURED DESTRUCTION The idea that the world could end at any moment made the world stable They deterred each other by threatening each other Attack me and I will have a massive retaliation towards you This is why the nuclear strategy between the two was able to ensure second strength capability o MAD Mutually Assured Destruction Neither side would attack because each side was convinced that if they attacked they would in turn be destroyed It was one of the reasons that we maintain the cold war as cold instead of hot because neither side wanted to risk attacking, even by conventional means, the other side because there was always the chance that it would escalate into nuclear exchange in which case you would have MAD What does the stability deterrence and MAD actually rely on? Self-preservation As long as both sides care about self-preservation and are rational this would work (did work) Missile Defense o Very dangerous Why would this be a problem? Because it tips the balance of power. Missile defense will only work if both sides are vulnerable, if neither side is not vulnerable then it destabilizes the balance of power, eliminating MAD and therefore makes the relationship less stable Arms Control o You had to make sure that any arms control treaty reduced things equally so that the mutual vulnerability remained Lecture 3 (recorded) Sept 25/12 1948 Berlin Blockade After WWII Germany was partitioned into East Germany and West Germany. Berlin split into East and West This was a crisis because the stability of the MAD was called into question 1962 Cuban Missile Crisis Soviet Union, in response to the US putting Jupiter rockets missiles in Turkey, decided to place nuclear weapons in Cuba o Proxy Fighting there was a lot of conflict between 1945-1989, and the Soviet Union and Us had a hand in a lot of that conflict but they didnt directly play a role in the conflicts, this is known as proxy fighting Proxy vs. Proxy ally of US and ally of USSR fight Proxy vs. Superpower example USSR invasion of Afghanistan o Rising and Falling Tensions Emergence of the Cold War resulted in great Tension on the 1960s Detent In the 70s the superpowers really quieted down Reemergence 80s with the US proposing the Star Wars and with the Soviet Union invading Afghanistan (re-freezing of the Cold War) Late 80s highest point of tension o End of the Cold War Because in the late 80s was the highest point of tension between the Superpowers, the end of the Cold War came as a big shock Came a surprise because of the high tension The End of the war was surprising and abrupt Essentially 45 years of these two superpowers being locked in this struggle and it evaporated in a matter of weeks The Soviet Union ended its existence less than 2 years later Death of a state o One day it was there and the next it was not End of the Cold War The end of the cold war had multiple causes just as how the start of it did o Change in Soviet Behaviour The fall of the Berlin wall was the key moment When the East Germans opened up the wall, the Soviet Union said that it was a thats a sensible movement Inspired more anti-communist movements in Eastern European countriesLecture 3 (recorded) Sept 25/12 End of the Iron Curtain that was established after WWII. Essentially the Soviet Union was an empire composed of many individual countries and it would crush any countries that opposed communist regimes (example; Prague Spring and Polish Uprising, both oppositions crushed by the Soviet Union) o In 1989 the USSR allowed that Iron Curtain to break up by allowing the wall to be opened and it represented a key moment in the Cold War WHY? Why did the USSR allow this to happen? Change in Soviet behaviour in the late 80s When Gorbachev came into power he started instituting internal changes in the Soviet Union in terms of political and economical openings and started to change the relationship between the Soviet Union and the US He had a conscious strategy of removing the US as an enemy and changed the dynamic of that rivalry o In order for two countries to be in rivalry it requires participation from both sides and when one side pulls out of that rivalry and stops acting
More Less

Related notes for POLB80H3

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.