POLB80 - Lec 4

3 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Toronto Scarborough
Political Science
M.Hoffmann- Universityof Toronto

POLB80 - Lec #4 - Oct. 2, 2012 Liberalism's Big Points 1. Importance of Domestic Systems: State-Type Matters - "Democracies haven't fought yet." Liberals would argue that different state-systems create different behaviours. 2. Collective Security: Removing the Security Dilemma - In 1935, the League of Nations and Collective Security failed. Realism argues that you can never escape the security dilemma. Liberals say that anarchy usually does lead to a security dilemma, but you can ameliorate your situation through Collective Security (one for all and all for one). 3. Cooperation Under Anarchy (Neoliberals): Overcoming Anarchy - Realists believe that cooperation in World Politics is rare. Liberals say that there is a possibility of cooperation under anarchy because of the existence of mutual interests and because international organizations can help with the mistrust that comes from the Security Dilemma. International organizations serve as a forum for countries to observe one another and provide a place for multiple interactions over time. Once you have these multiple interactions, this reduces the level of mistrust and allows cooperation to become a greater tool for states. Collective Security  Wars can be prevented by restraint of military action. You can deter aggression by the notion that everybody will respond if aggression if shown.  Aggressors must be stopped.  The aggressor is easy to identify in a conflict.  The aggressor is always wrong. This must always be clear.  Aggressors must know that the international community will act against them.  "A threat to one is a threat to all." - UN Reform  Political Will must be there in order to stop a security dilemma. Thinking Critically  Is NATO a Collective Security Organization?  A little perspective: The UN is considered a Collective Security Organization.  NATO is a Collective Defense/Alliance. This is a group of countries that have agreed to come to each other's aid if they are attacked. They are usually aimed at a particular threat (when it was created, they were aimed at the Warsaw Pact). NATO exists to help countries live within the Security Dilemma. So no, NATO is not a Collective Security Organization. Constructivism  Unlike Liberalism and Realism, Constructivism thinks more about what is appropriate.  Context shapes interactions.  What we think of as normal is not objective. It exists because of interactions over time and we create ideas of what is appropriate.  Social Fact/
More Less

Related notes for POLB80H3

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.