GLOBAL PERSPECTIVES(1).docx

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Department
Political Science
Course
POLB81H3
Professor
M.Hoffmann- Universityof Toronto
Semester
Winter

Description
1/13/2013 6:45:00 PM SLIDE 2 Global Governance Forum Of what is this an instance ? o - what is a specific example of o -classification of something o -Theorizing (moving from facts to abstract framework) Pirate Retires (Article) o Piracy of the East coast of Africa , (Somalia failed state) o He is encouraging his colleagues to quit as well o European Union task force has tried to reduce piracy Global Governance o European Union control and patron areas o Merchant navies forming unions to end piracy o Informal governance : private navies are not public navies o IT s considered an instance of transnationalism : private corporations that got together to maintain rules and protect their shipping. o It is also considered insitutionalism because of .. UN and EUROPEAN UNION o First War US was with the Ivory Cost Pirates; o Different lenses point you to different aspects at hand ; o Both instituionslaism and transnationalism can work together because of INTERNATIONAL LAW ( instance of how these different perspectives give you a different take) SLIDE 3 Emergence of Global Governance o Global Governance is both new and not new ( there has always been rules and regulations, however new in a sense of playbook for global issues ) o 1648 , Treaty of Versailles ; playbook used by states! o UN system , Bretton , IMF , etc ,regional organization NAFTO , ASEAN , NATO , EU ( very familiar part of daily global life ) o IO – result of cooperation and cooperation ( States have to cooperate to deal with the issues that they cannot deal with themselves ) o The existence of terrorist groups . NGOS, etc ; necessary conditions to create global governance, BUT DOESN’T MEAN we have to a transitional governance. o IO is not collective to talk about global governance , o IGOS: states have cooperated and agree that they are necessary, system of IOS is based on powerful leaders and what they want. Sometimes their interest coincides , sometimes it doesn’t and conflicts ; politics of international organization ! o Security council is set up to engage in that power relation ( VETO POWER) o What was the most significant process when it came to the state system : decolonization o Enormous influx of new state actors , and host of new concerns on the international agenda ! o The old UN members , are not necessarily as powerful as new emerging actors. o NIEO stands for : new international economic order ; essentially a movement of decolonization to really alter the system. o IGOS don’t really help us deal with current realities o 33. IGO , compared to the 1940s people information ideas germs also moved more freely ; IGOS = manage problems and be better states , and to help because of interact as relative equals! New ideas of who is able to govern and who gets to define , who gets to set the rules ( who has authority?) Authority is also about legitimacy rather than ONLY power , legitimacy has some sort of consent aspect pertained to it. Authority Sources : Democracy- legal , ; monopoly on force , socially accepted views (Tradition)-religion , Expertise , Money/success …etc SLIDE 6 o Classifying based on o purpose: WHAT IS GLOBAL GOVERNANCE FOR? o Specific purpose : what are the rules made intended to do ? Large scale purpose and specifif o Distinction between problem solving , critical transformation o what do we need : what is the nature of the issues , all the answers are related to purpose , o what do we have to work with o INSTITUTIONALISM o Governing through IGOS , problem solving , o Security , managing ; and it is an instance of protecting states and their involvement and interactions; GOVERNANCE THROUGH IGOS IS SOLVING PROBLEMS OF STATES o Need cooperation : states need to deal ; why and when states decide to cooperate ! Inter-state cooperation. o Fix states problems o IGOs as actors , and how d they create their agenda , and define and approach their problem o World Bank : Reconstruction and development (Europe devastated after world War two ) o Tools : development , protection , basis of authority for IGOS : legitimacy of the state (Delegated authority), expertise (know how to solve problems) o Petro Dollars: o Increasing interest rates , reduces the amount of extra money in the system ; Jack-up interest , if US heightens intereste rates , than everyone else goes up ; price of the loans that developing countries take up. Homeowners : foreclosure , defaults ( Massive defaults on these loans) o IMF : austerity measure , reducing budget deficit moving towards free trade and financial liberalization ; this set of expertise is either good or bad ; o Purpose : Maintainig the state service o Nature of the Problems : state interaction and state needs ; Which states and needs are prioritized and how ? o Tools : delegated authority and expertise (technocratic) Chapter 3 : Institutionalism Chapter 4 : Transnationalism Chapter 5 : Cosmopolitanism 13/01/2013 6:45:00 PM Chapter 3 : Institutionalism o : is concerned with institutions and the people who staff them as the central feature of global governance. (p.31) o : Institutionalism focuses on the organizations, the office holders and the interactions between institutions deemed central to global governance.(p.31) o Usually linked to the liberal approaches to international relations (p.31) o Appointed officials understanding of global governance is central to their advice they offer. (p.31) o The idea that the world is ever- evolving and institutions built after world war two , are under great pressure. (p.33) o Though globalization has shaped to evolve against barriers , it has offered new problems like climate change ,position of national government and enhances the power of private agents. (p.33) o In a neo-liberal view , market and market institutions are usually thought to be more efficient at providing and solving problems o An example of this can be seen as the “Washington Consensus” : public spending , taxes , property rights and etc. are controlled by the consensus. o The role of institutionalism in terms of global governance is not of critical purpose, but rather problem-solving. o For example : the disadvantage of dealing with richer countries , makes smaller countries not make a lot of money. Therefore the critical way of solvi
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