Week#12- Conclusions.docx

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Political Science
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M.Hoffmann- Universityof Toronto

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Week 12 2013-04-01 07:56:00 Global Governance Forum : Instance of institutionalism ; Instant of international relations ; Global problem ( cyprus has some relatively leninent tax laws , cyprus collapses then the Russians that put there looking for other tax ; Complex , because there are so many actors participating in global politics ( THIS IS JUST oNE DAY in new york times) THE ROUTE CAUSE OF THE FINANCIAL CRIS in 2008 was the housing bubble ( cities acting global politics) The state is absloutely acting in global policitcs ( Isalmists fighters sip back ) The tar sands disaster ( between two states) These four issues are going to circumbise global politics in ways ; What is the difference between Global Governance and Conventional IR ? Learned something about gloval governance have we learned anything ? Internatnoal relations is revolving around staets , global governance issues on a local level Foreign politics( Simplifier : IR) : Instituonal instituions ( GLOBAL GOVERNANCE) Instituionalis perspective is really comfortable with the International relations ; Its about states cooperating , states and there interests of there power , is at the heart of global governance; Murphy ( PRivate authority) : diverse actors , Instituionalism matches well with liberalism of IR theory ; HOWEVER soe of the others one like cosmopolitanism and transnaitnaism ( some fit with liberlaims) Rehectionsim : realism HEgeminism : marxism Constructivism ( talks about social construction , so therefore it can fit with anything) Connection between what IR and what global governance is ; set of IR tools develop to understand state interaction , but have been adpated to what is a more complex situation. Gloabl politics and global governance imply that tehre are more diverse things going in terms of the actors , issues, and the sacel of conflcits between globaland local. It is also clear that global governance is hard and hard to do . USe of NY times to demonstrate how global governance is complex ; Each one of the issues , it is clear that the state interaction run into lack of state capacity , other actors being authorative , these issues dont fit neatly into state to state interactions; What makes each one of these issues ahrd to deal with it , in terms of what transanaitonalism role  Global ISsue Common Concern vs Sovreigntiy Poverty and Developpment - states cannot do it own there own -forces them into interction with other states - They cannot do much because they take a top-down approach -local context is key , CORRUPTION -states do not have resources so need global economic forces ; Why the WB is the solution to this problem, but the WB is nto necessairly overcome some of these difficulties; are political not technocratic Modern Conflict When does the state intervene ? Sovereigntiy means never having to intervene unless there is genocide ( now there are conflicting ideas on when to intervene) SPILL OVER transnational conflicts; For example : Darfur genocide not restricted ,to Darfur see refugee camps in sudan Financial Crisis - States cant do it own there own ; global causes /local causes US housing bubble , crashing domestic global cause : because international banks are buying these mortgaged back Not just US Evestments , European The global pool of money look for places to invest ; Product of particular period to deregulate financial sector CONTAGION. Climate chang
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