POLB81 lecture 4.docx

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Political Science
M.Hoffmann- Universityof Toronto

th POLB81 – Lecture 4 – January 28 2012.  Global Governance Forum: Instance of Institutionalism – we have a set actors (business elites). Business elites say global capitalism isn’t going to solve these problems. Capitalism is not the solution. They see economic development through education to solve problems. It’s also much decentralized. o Instant: The need to go beyond institutionalism. o Instant: Feminism. Empowering women o Instant: limnality – state of being in between two things. We’re sort of in between worlds. Our institutions are not that good. o Instant: Transgovernmental – transnationalism perspective – one of the ways people outside protesting, try to deal with large global issues. You’re not going to see hegemonism inside the building. o Notion of global governance are going to evolve  Poverty and Development o What do we need? What’s the problem? o Video: Mostly on the economic perspective (economic growth, standard of living). White British male experts talking about development in other places. Problem of income growth. How the international community define this problem to solve it.  Video is really good in terms of defining the problems through solutions.  low income = Low standard of living = the problem of productivity  Therefore, they spend most of the time talking about the problem of productivity. What problems or needs stop us from increasing productivity?  Focus of governance. Why do we have low productivity and how can that be overcome?  It is hotly disputed. Video’s perspective accepted well in organizations, other actors would dispute almost everything that was said there. You’re perspective on the problem really shape what the solutions are and what appropriate governance may be.  We still don’t know the answer. They talked about multiple answers. In the end of the video, there are still a lot of problems. o Scope: It could be Individual problem of income. Most people don’t have enough money. What are the implications of this in terms of standard of living, In terms of education, access of food, good water, etc? o In terms of how to govern the problem, the first part is to find out the problem. What’s the nature of the scope in hands. o You start with a statistic like the slide. Problem of development is changing individualize. o We can also look at it as a national problem. What is going on in nations and we have to aggregate how states are working in the national level. HDI (Human Development Indicators) look at the range of social, GDP, economic problems in understanding income, and social problems. It could be a national problem and how national policies help out. HDI 2010 – countries success cannot be evaluated by the amount of money. Looking at national policies that shape peoples lives and indicators and over time those indicators change. o We can consider it as a global problem because of self-interest (development and political stability can go hand in hand, you might promote development, reduce going to war), it could be historical (development has been a global issue). Also Globalizations – part of the problem. o There are moral arguments. Moral reputation arguments, we should care what
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