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Lecture 3

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Political Science
R Rice

POLB90 – Tuesday September 28 , 2010 – Lecture 3  Imperialism as Overproduction o Capitalism increase in profit  Make each worker do more work  Lengthening the workday, or increasing the speed of production – therefore reduce the number of labourers o Culmination of free trade  Try to create as many markets around the world  Smith, Adams – nations should trade w each other rather than produce in their own country o Resources had run out of space  “exhaustion of space” o Basis of national accounts...  For the railway, the british encouraged a national debt  Allows people to use small portions of their income to consume something that they would never consume  Capitalists did not want to take that risk in the USA o To create a market, you need to create a demand  Primitive/Primary accumulation  Capitalism had to be created had to create consumers by kicking people off land  If you close your market and can only sell to those people, you need to make the products cheap o Guild System  Wassily Kandinsky, 1913 o In the 90’s, 2000’s, there was a space-time compression through globalization o Following WWI his art shows modernism  Age of planning/structure/organization is reflected in the painting  Imperialism for the Colonized o Following Darwins voyage of the Begal, racial thinking was not how England had a relationship with the rest of the world o Colonized were not passive victims, but they were constrained  Literature shows that the colonizers took information from the colonized, and vice versa  Liquidity o People did move into these labour forces willingly (mining etc. vs. agriculture)  Alienation  Smith had a concept of it: humans living under feudalism did not realize their full capacity  Marx – capitalism is unnatural for the human being o Worker is alienated from their labour (controlled by “you do this) o No control over the product of the labour (product is sold, no profit seen, only a wage) o Alienation in relation to people (don’t work with neighbour under conditions which you can control, there is no relation. On a global level, commodities are the relationship between people today, mediated by currency (congealed labour)) o Alienated to nature (environmental aspects is depriving humans; underg
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