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Summary of Liberalization and Miltancy in the Arab World. POLB91..odt

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Political Science
R Rice

**Essay Question : Is Political liberalization the solution to militancy in theArab world? ** Strengths/Weaknesses of Brook's strategies for dealing with religious- based conflicts? Liberalization and Militancy in theArab World : by RisaA. Brooks The U.s must continue to root out terrorist networks, using a combination of diplomatic, economic and perhaps military means to do so. Must look for beyond short-term objectives and considering comprehensive, longer-term strategies for battling terrorist activities. Brooks suggests that in the long-term battle agianst miltancey, encouraging political liberalization in theArab world is the U.S best policy option. Prior to September 11 attacks the U.S tended not to view regional terrorist groups in the Middle East as a direct threat to their own security. Most of the militant groups used violence in support of specific objective or domestic protest and not for for global war against U.S. However the terrorist movements targeting the West grows in number and size. The fact is that bin Landen and others have widely succeeded in linking the region's woes with its “illegitimate” regimes, with Western hegemony. Local populations perceive the U.S supports corrupt, status quo regimes in the region. For exampleAmerican militancy bases in Saudi arabia and suppirt for Israel inspire similar contempt. However the U.S is probably incapable and unwilling to alter its policies to appease its critics. The U.S cannot afford to to focus only on extant transnational networks such asAlQaeda in combating terrorim. To safeguard its own security, the country must more broadly address the growth of militant growth of militant groups in the region. What can be done to address the growth of these militant groups? Threes options seem plausible: 1. The first and most popular in the region is to repress fundamentalist islamic movements: arrest their members and bully their supporters. This strategy does not work however as repression only leads to further radical movements. It only deprives Islamist groups of a stake of the political system. 2. Second solution is undermine fundamentalist Islam sentiment itself. Today Islam fills a critcal vacuum created by the failure of secular ideologies-nationalism, socialism and capitalism to meet the spir
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