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Lecture 10

Lecture 10- Stalinist Terror.docx

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Political Science
Spyridon Kostivilis

Political Science in Europe Lecture 10: Stalinist Terror Cycle of Paranoia • The Red Terror was in response of the fact that the Bolsheviks emerged from the bottom of society. It was the opposition to the Soviet Rule, and Lenin almost got assassinated. It targeted the whole classes and 50,000 to 200,000 people died. The Red Terror also resulted in the Soviets becoming Bolshevik. • The Bolshevik regime was extremely isolated both internationally and domestically. Western capitalists hated the Bolsheviks, and the rich in Russia did too. This caused a Fear for Survival, which resulted in a heavy reliance on coercion, which increased the opposition, which fueled the fear for survival, creating a never-ending circle of paranoia. th • In 1921 they created the 10 Party Congress, which disciplined the party and said no factions within the Bolshevik party. This would help with the rise of Stalin. This paranoia alienated a lot of their supporters, making them isolated. The Mystery of the Great Terror • The bizarre thing is that Millions of people died, and the elite goes after itself. They technically killed their own. • To touch on the Mystery we have to look at the rise of Stalin. He was not known as the go-to guy within the party, and this generated Lenin’s appreciation. Lenin promoted him within the party, and he was able to maneuver himself into leadership. The party does not want Trotsky to lead, so they fight against him, and they send him into exile, and Stalin takes firm control in 1929. • Stalin creates many different reforms: o Problem of NEP  He cance
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