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Lecture 11

Lecture 11- Rise of the Nazis.docx

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Political Science
Spyridon Kostivilis

European Political Science Lecture 11: The Rise of the Nazis Germany in the 1920s • Highly developed country with was a major industrial power by the late 19 century. They were highly educated. • They had Little Democratic History, and had a monarchy until 1918, which opposed democracy drastically. The end of World War I until World War II would be called Weimar Germany, which was dominated by hostile international conflict. Germany had been forced to pay the World War I costs, which was about 300 billion (Never paid). After this the monarchy ends and a democracy is established known as the Weimar republic. • The constitution created gave the President enormous powers. The President could appoint the chancellor (PM), disband parliament, and could rule by degree if parliament did not have majority. They were a Full Proportional System meaning that the percentage of the vote you get is the exact representation you will have in parliament (usually countries will have a 5% vote minimum to avoid fragmentation). Polarization • Communists vs. Nationalists threatened the nation. The communist revolution in Russia sparked a failed communist in 1919, which created a large right wing reaction, and polarized the country. There were right wing conflicts in parliaments against left-wingers and communists. The Nazi Party got some support off of these because they wanted to fight the communists. • The Great Depression greatly affected Europe, and especially Germany. Half of the population was unemployed between 1929 and 1933, which polarized the country even more (who would lead the country?). Between 1919 and 1933 there
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