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POLC09-Week#4 .docx

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Department
Political Science
Course Code
POLC09H3
Professor
Aisha Ahmad

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Constructivism in International and how those effects what goes Security on INSIDE the state.  Realists believe constructivists Constructivist Security Studies: concentrate on implementing Portrait of Research Program (Theo peace. Not the case that is Farrell) conventional constructivists, not  Constructivism and cuturalism critical constructivists; are both concerned with the  Concludes: challenge for impact of norms on international construcvists is they can either security. cooperate with realists, and how  Norms are intersubjective beliefs that they are a REAL research about the social and natural program OR , cooperate and gain world that define actors, their more knowledge. situations, and the possibilities Constructing Post-Cold War of actions. Collective Security (Brian  Norms are also intersubjective in Frederking) the fact that they are beliefs rooted in and reproduced through social practice.  Rule-oriented constructivism is  In addition norms regulate built on an interpretive method called dialogical analysis. action by defining what is appropriate (given social rules)  Dialogical analysis models a and what is effective (given the linguistic conception of social laws of science) interaction capable of illustrating  In other words, who you are constructivist arguments. It assumes the existence of identifies you and reflects your actions and decisions. constitutive social rules and  Constructivists state that communicatively rational agents “rationalist” say nothing abut constructing those social rules who the actors are or what their through the performance of or where their interests were speech acts.  Building on the rule-oriented constituted from.  Farell : wants to demonstrated constructivism, the author posits that constructivism in security four social arrangements studies DOES complete constituting the security epistemology in weighing structures on world politics: war, rivalry, collective security, and outcomes.  Aim: to provide a portrait that is security community. recognizable to most  The dominant post-cold war constructivists. global security trend is the  Realists: sates od what they have gradual construction of collective security rules and September 11 the power to do , where as did not fundamentally change Constructivists: sates do what they think is appropriate. the exiting world political order;  Difference between culturists instead, it exacerbated it. and constructivists: culutralists Moreover, the Kosovo and Iraq concentrate on explaining the wars are embedded in collective security social arrangement. differences in state form and behaviour, and they are interested in the practicable application of ideational variables for this purpose. Where as constructs: look at similarities  Reality is constructed by our shared perceptions, ideas, Class Notes values, and understanding of Questions: how the world works  What explains major inter-state  What we collectively imagine, wars? understand, and believe creates  What explains new international our social world security threats, such as Language as Data terrorism, climate-driven  Play close attention to discourse migration, transnational ethnic and language in order to explain conflict, and state failure? how meaning is ascribed to  To what extent do norms, values, identities, ideas, and actions. identities and ideas shape and  Note: the focus on ideas, norms constrain state behaviour? and values does not necessarily Core Constructivist Assumptions: entail cooperation or peace, but  Level of analysis: system, state, is value-neutral. and sub-state Mutual constitution vs. Causation  Actors: states, IOs, sub-state  Identities and interests are actors, transnational ORGs, mutually constituted and inter- MNCs, NGOs subjectively defined.  Assumptions: identities and  Agents and structures are interests are mutually mutually constituted thro
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