Constructivism in International and how those effects what goes
Security on INSIDE the state.
Realists believe constructivists
Constructivist Security Studies: concentrate on implementing
Portrait of Research Program (Theo peace. Not the case that is
Farrell) conventional constructivists, not
Constructivism and cuturalism critical constructivists;
are both concerned with the Concludes: challenge for
impact of norms on international construcvists is they can either
security. cooperate with realists, and how
Norms are intersubjective beliefs that they are a REAL research
about the social and natural program OR , cooperate and gain
world that define actors, their more knowledge.
situations, and the possibilities Constructing Post-Cold War
of actions. Collective Security (Brian
Norms are also intersubjective in Frederking)
the fact that they are beliefs
rooted in and reproduced
through social practice. Rule-oriented constructivism is
In addition norms regulate built on an interpretive method
called dialogical analysis.
action by defining what is
appropriate (given social rules) Dialogical analysis models a
and what is effective (given the linguistic conception of social
laws of science) interaction capable of illustrating
In other words, who you are constructivist arguments. It
assumes the existence of
identifies you and reflects your
actions and decisions. constitutive social rules and
Constructivists state that communicatively rational agents
“rationalist” say nothing abut constructing those social rules
who the actors are or what their through the performance of
or where their interests were speech acts.
Building on the rule-oriented
Farell : wants to demonstrated constructivism, the author posits
that constructivism in security four social arrangements
studies DOES complete constituting the security
epistemology in weighing structures on world politics: war,
rivalry, collective security, and
Aim: to provide a portrait that is security community.
recognizable to most The dominant post-cold war
constructivists. global security trend is the
Realists: sates od what they have gradual construction of collective
security rules and September 11
the power to do , where as did not fundamentally change
Constructivists: sates do what
they think is appropriate. the exiting world political order;
Difference between culturists instead, it exacerbated it.
and constructivists: culutralists Moreover, the Kosovo and Iraq
concentrate on explaining the wars are embedded in collective
security social arrangement.
differences in state form and
behaviour, and they are
interested in the practicable
application of ideational
variables for this purpose. Where
as constructs: look at similarities Reality is constructed by our
shared perceptions, ideas,
Class Notes values, and understanding of
Questions: how the world works
What explains major inter-state What we collectively imagine,
wars? understand, and believe creates
What explains new international our social world
security threats, such as Language as Data
terrorism, climate-driven Play close attention to discourse
migration, transnational ethnic and language in order to explain
conflict, and state failure? how meaning is ascribed to
To what extent do norms, values, identities, ideas, and actions.
identities and ideas shape and Note: the focus on ideas, norms
constrain state behaviour? and values does not necessarily
Core Constructivist Assumptions:
entail cooperation or peace, but
Level of analysis: system, state, is value-neutral.
and sub-state Mutual constitution vs. Causation
Actors: states, IOs, sub-state Identities and interests are
actors, transnational ORGs, mutually constituted and inter-
MNCs, NGOs subjectively defined.
Assumptions: identities and Agents and structures are
interests are mutually mutually constituted thro