Three frameworks of a pillar: framework, economic, social (see lecture slides). Use this
approach for any question you answer (including exam). *
Does the Canadian state have a monopoly over the use of violence? Eg. Police (state
possesses the means of violence. State has the right legally to use force (legitimacy to use
violence and a responsibility to use according to norms of state). Laws preventing citizens from
Biggest possessor of violence is the state. If used properly is good. Often in certain instances
(Syria) the state uses violence wrongly.
State controls who is citizens and regulates. Refugee, human trafficking, citizenship.
Power? Can a state expropriate land? Some places have (eg. Aboriginal people’s land). It must
abide by law if it wants actions to have legitimacy. Not all states follow this.
Rules established by the population for the population. Universality. In many state rules are
particularistic (some citizens not others). * Ideal state guided by a legal realm that applies to all
In theory all states are equal to each other.
Question of state vs. regime vs. Governments (give examples of institutions of each).
State: basic institutions (raw power or ‘infrastructional power’ or ‘hardware’). RCMP, military,
postal service, CRA, bureaucracy.
Regime: indicates how this power is organized around a set of fundamental rules. Charter of
Rights. Criminal Code. The constitution. Bill of Rights. Parliamentary democracy. Court system.
Government: indicates how power is used. People in the senate. Conservative party. The
people in power.
Europe as example of how states emerge. Democratic states emerged out of a long drawn out
violently competitive process. Little city states. Mobilizing arms to survive. Some states win,
some don’t. Ones that win accumulate power and resources (land mostly) and territory. More
they get the more you need to maintain control. Need to form infrastructure (eg. Mechanisms to
make money, rule and govern to maintain order) and hence building institutions. Then regulated.
Forced to give power to popular consent. “War made the state” – Charles Tilly
Many states in Global South fall short. Set ups Canada to be moral high gro