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POLC71H3 (52)

Lecture 06 - The Domestication of Man

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Political Science
Stefan Dolgert

Lecture 06 The Domestication of Man Thomas Hobbes: Provides a justification for absolute sovereignty He DOES NOT defend the idea of Divine Right instead he starts with all individuals are radically equal: o Paradox: start with individual rightsequalitty and then end up with authoritarian government? Leviathan is his most important piece of work 1) Political Animals Dismisses Aristotles notion that we are political animals (humans without politic life [society] can mean one is a God (above politics) or a beast (below politics); humans are relatively unique in that we talk and argue about justice and reason) We only come together with other people, in any kind of society, out of desire for (1) honor and (2) profit Two examples: o Imagine one is going to buy something from somebody. What do you want from this person? You are trying to make a buyget what you can from this person. You want them because you want to profit from them (instrumentally). o Leisure situation for personal pleasure. When you are in this type of situation what you really want to do is laugh and ridicule others. Even if this assumption is not true, Hume says that when organizing political society, you must
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