Class Notes (806,820)
Canada (492,456)
POLC73H3 (11)

POLC73 - Lec 3

3 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Toronto Scarborough
Political Science
Margaret Kohn

POLC73 - Lec #3 - Sept 25, 2012 Burke - What is conservatism? (Continuation from Lec #2)  Emphasizes civil society/intermediary organizations (family, church, etc.)  Nostalgia for aspects of feudalism - Decentralized but still hierarchical - Critique of democracy as despotic  There is an importance placed upon tradition - Keep remnants from the past. - "When it is not necessary to change, it is necessary not to change."  Involves prejudice, not reason. Meaning that there is a sort of deference when it comes to the decisions of others.  Believes in an incompatibility between liberty and equality. Liberty and equality are more in tension with one another.  Offers a positive view of hierarchy Tensions in Conservatism (Continuation from Lec #2)  Role of the State: The state and its elites are a part of a hierarchy that can provide guidance to lower orders. As the State has become a welfare state, it no longer signifies the same hierarchical order. It becomes an instrument for the masses. Conservatives did not want the people to control the elites.  Role of the Economy: The economy is potentially something that can have destabilizing effects. Burke was writing this in 1790, mind you. Nowadays, there are many established business elites. They are the source of power and economy. The economy is now seen as a way to consolidate power. John Stuart Mill - The Harm Principle (Lec #3 Begins Here)  The Harm Principle holds that the actions of individuals should only be limited to prevent harm to other individuals.  Mill argued that "the only purpose for which power can be rightfully exercised over any member of a civilized community, against his will, is to prevent harm to others" in his dissertation called On Liberty  The Harm Principle as a basic doctrine of liberalism  After this lecture, you should understand his arguments in favour of free speech  Mill's view that liberty is necessary to prevent conformism/mediocrity from stopping historical progress John Stuart Mill  Son of James Mill, a prominent utilitarian  Received extremely rigorous home schooling  Experienced a mental breakdown in early adulthood (age 20) - Described it as a ...stopped caring and experienced empathy.  Began his career in the East India company as a private bureaucrat and continued working there for the rest of his life. He eventually acquired the top job in the East India company.  Had a lifelong friendship with and eventually married Harriet Taylor On Liberty  Civil or social liberty: T
More Less

Related notes for POLC73H3

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.