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POLC73 - Lec 4

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Political Science
Margaret Kohn

POLC73 - Lec #4 - Oct. 2nd, 2012 Objection: Manner should be temperate (619)  Who gets to decide?  Powerful, convincing arguments seem interperate to the other side.  Both sides should refrain from sarcasm, ad hominem attacks, etc. Should there be limitations on free speech?  Blasphemy? Hate speech?  Think about the Dixie Chicks and what had happened to them. Should that have been limited? Value of Liberty  Individuality as a primary value  Against conformity: "Human faculties of perception, judgement, discriminative feeling, mental activity, and even moral preference are exercised only in making a choice." (621)  The mass is a threat to individuality  "The despotism of custom is everywhere the standing hindrance to human advancement." (627) Utilitarianism  "Actions are right in proportion as they tend to promote happiness, wrong when they tend to produce the reverse of happiness. By happiness is intended pleasure and the absence of pain."  Modifies doctrine to take into account higher and lower pleasures.  Act VS. Rule Utilitarianism Utilitarianism and Liberty  Mill claims, "It is proper to state that I forgo any advantage which could be derived to my argument from the idea of abstract right, as a thing independent of utility. I regard utility as the ultimate appeal on all ethical questions..." (5
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