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POLC83H3 (8)


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University of Toronto Scarborough
Political Science
Wiafe Amoake

POLC82American Foreign Policy The Politics of United States Foreign Policy Relevance and significance Concept and Nature Analytical Framework Perspective an Themes thWeek 2Lecture 2 Jan 17 2012Bay of Pigs Invasion attempt by the US to overthrow Castro a fiasco couldnt overthrow Castro he was aligned with East vs West the Soviet Union decided to help Castro by placing a long to medium range missile in CubaThe Politics of United States Foreign Policy Politics and national interest Politics y Who gets what when and how y Competition for power and shared meaning y Competition between different individuals and groups for control government and for support of the public and influence throughout society in order to promote certain ends National interest y Reason dtat The goals of politics what is most beneficial for the state y It is not just an issue of coming to a consensus it is an issue of a political struggle a country as big as the US arrives at a policy through struggle and through influence Why do people want to have influence over a policyy State Dept Defence Dept Air force Army and the Navy These two bureaucracies are the main that the president and the executive office so many agencies national security council the CIA etc the president special assistant So many dept involved the state dept and defence are the main that work on foreign policy the want to influence it comes with how big the size of your budget will be Issues such as budget are related to influence the more influential the defence dept is in shaping foreign policy the better it is for expanding its budget the credit goes to the Air force etc The State dept budget expands it can open other Embassy in other countries In terms of the politics it depends on who influences US foreign police which relies on how big your budget will bey National interest what the interest of the country is very fluent changes not static there are permanent by who influences it as a certain point and time however the national interest changes with time It reflects the interest of an elite group of people interest of the state does national interest really reflect what the state needsWhat is foreign policy y It is a set of political goals that seek to outline how a particular state will deal with important world issues as well as interact with other states is in the international systemy it is the scope of involvement abroad and the collection of goals strategies and instruments that are selected by governmental policy makers y The foreign policy processhow a policy decision are formed put on the agenda and implemented thHow did the war on terror begin The September 11 Attack The Bush doctrine preventative war Democracy Bush was adamant about all countries in the middle east to be democratic because democracies do not go to war against each otherThe foreign policy process y What forces drive foreign policy Political ideology moral economic y What actors contribute to foreign policy formulation The president congress the foreign policy bureaucracy advisors cabinet officials political parties courts etc The politics y It is a very complex process several individuals and institutions are involved in the process y It is a very political competition winners and losers in the political game y National interests what is best for the country is created after the these processes National interest y Refers to what is best for the state y State concept referring to governmental institutions which elites and policy makers act on behalf of the people within a given territory y With the political struggle whose interest is the national interestReflects elites interests y Neo conservatives during Bush administration come from a Jewish backgroundMajor World Events y World War 1 Isolationism sentiments high within US y World War 2USE rise to global dominance y Cold WarContainment policy to curb Soviet Expansionismmake sure any expansion of soviet expansion to the world such as Africa building infrastructure of countries that are weakMarshall Plan y Vietnam War and Korean Wary Collapse of the Soviet Union and Communism in Eastern Europe relaxation of containment policies proxy warswars that were not formal between the US and the Soviet War in a thirdy country not on each other soils they were fighting in Angola and Vietnam y Arab and Israeli Conflict thy September 11 Attacks and Afghanistan War y Recent Global Economic CrisisChallenges from Global Events y National securitythe security of the USy Economic dominance makes sure the US is on top intellectual property copyright laws if they can win through manufacturing they will win through production Adds to major issues that drive US foreign policy y Has the US foreign Policy remained the same y In what ways has it changed Relevance and Significance Foreign policy matters y American investments abroad 10 trillion more than the entire GDP of the African continent so much of the American investment is out there It reaps earning Responsibility of the US govt to keep the investments safe y US exports about 1 trillion y American imports 60 of oil mostly from the middle east y US government spends about 700 billion to support the military and scientific industrial infrastructure y Protects security and economic well being f the American people Americans war since WW2 y Others include population drug trade environments global warming health etc y Effect on Americans and the rest of the world
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