History of development ideas
-marshall plan 1947
- International effort to rebuild the war torn countries of Europe after WWII.
- Global development emerged (world bank)
- Economies boomed
- North set goals on south
- Modernization & dependency theory emerged.
Time line of development ideas
- 1950’s- modernization, progress, growth, urbanization, think world concept
- 2nd- post communist
- 3rd- all rest
- 1960’s-1970’s- rural development & agriculture, underdevelopment, depen-
dency, state-led growth & industrialization
- Marxism influenced views.
- 1980’s- debt crisis structural adjustment, neoliberal economy
- Borrowed money- cant pay debt (latin america)
- 1990’s- environment, gender, indigenous rights, grassroots, globalization,
resistance, role of civil society, (bottom-up approach). “global-leverage”/
- 2000’s- post development, post colonialism, post washington concensus,
Questions for final:
1.Is development theory useful for development practice?
2.How has the history of development ideas evoled over time and where
does each of the major theories fir in this timeline?
The rise and fall of D.S.
I. The irrelevance of D.S.
II. Practice vs. Research
III. Diversity vs. Universality
IV. The Future of D.S.
1.Frans. J. Shurrman
- talks about paradigm shift in D.S.
- 3 points - 1. Crisis- mainstream theories fail to account for the diversity of experience
of third world countries.
- Solution: focus on diversity rather than similarities
- Counter- solution- understand differences among countries w/o losing sight
of common problems and solutions
- 2. The end of the belief in progress
- Crisis (1990’s) progress as an destructive force linked to capitalism and con-
- Solution calls for the poor to reject first world needs, priorities and prac-
- Counter- redefine what progress means (plus develop) to man the reduction
of material want and the enhancement of people’s ability to live a life they