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POLC99H3 (33)
R Rice (28)

Lecture 3

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Political Science
R Rice

POLC99 Lecture 3 January 18 Revolutionary Struggles I: Cuba & Nicaragua Political Revolution: seeks to transform the state, but not economic or social strives (e.g. wars of independence. First Generation Revolutions Characterized by the tensions surrounding the transition from feudalism from capitalism + by class struggle. Examples: French Revolution (1789), Chinese (1911), Russian (1917), Mexican (1910). Social Revolutionary Roles: Insurrection > Political Victory > Societal Transformation Theoretical Models Class Conflict (Marxist): views revolution as movements driven by inherent class- based conflict in society. Features: -Urban workers are the revolutionary class -Exploitative nature of capitalism gives rise to political violence. Political Conflict: (Charles Tilly, 1978) Views revolutions as the struggle for political power between those who are excluded from the polity (challengers) + those who are in power (members). Features: -Gradual mobilization of challengers -A rapid increase in numbers of supporters. -Government unable to completely suppress the challengers -Establishment of control over part of the government apparatus -A struggle to maintain or expand that control by challengers -Victory o defeat of challengers -Reimposition of government control Structural Model: (Theda Skocpol, 1979). Views revolution as the result of the weakening or collapse of state structures as a result of international and domestic pressures. Features: 1
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