Objectives of Lecture:
1) Define and analyse relations and approaches between individual and society
2) Define the concept of social memories
3) Analyse main characteristics and aspects of Social Memory
4) Identify its sources---where does Social Memory come from?
5) Identify its political use
6) Explore relations between Social Memory, living home and immigrants
1) Individual and Society
Identity: Psychological and social aspects of identity and how that plays out and how it takes
place in social contexts. Self vs Society/Collective
-Individual---what we are and how social factors & relations influence it
-Social---How we interact with other people impacts with our social memory
Narrative Forms: Public dialogs that take place in society---takes forms of laws, media reports,
official declarations----ways society expresses itself, it’s values in the present and how it looks to
Community of Fate: Notion that society is not created by accident, but instead by the conditions
that someone is admitted as a member of a society---commit ourselves to fate, if we’re taken out
we lose something---we need to be part of society, deep and long commitment it’s something
what we want, part of society for the long run. Fate is that your whole life is defined by the
-View supported by Benedict Anderson, who wrote Imagined Communities in 1991, connection
between those in same society(ie: two Canadians meeting abroad that never met before).
Because we belong to the same society, we share ideas of friendship and mutual understanding.
2) Concept Of Memory
-Memory used every day, all times. Psychologists believe in two ways of memory: Emisodic Memory: Basic fact of remembering things. Memory of all your experiences, reflects
on your own past as an individual.
Semantic: Memory of knowledge, capacity to retrieve facts about the world, things you know
about the world in general. Used in tests and exams.
Memory of Society: What is recorded in a Society’s history can be seen as a memory, not a
individual or agent in the same sense each of us is.
-Inter-Subjective understanding: Ongoing conservations in each society
reflected by the media. Values that society approves or disapproves of.
-Objective: What is a fact, certain, not what others think
-Subjective: Opinions based on your own beliefs(ie: favourite Ice Cream
flavour). Can be debated, refuted, challenged.
-Inter-Subjective Understanding: Combination of Objective and Subjective
views. A produced equilibrium of both views
-One Self/Value of Individuals
3) Characteristics of Social Memory
-Conscious-Unconscious: Sense of what is appropriate, what is accepted and what is not
accepted. Awareness of what is right or wrong.
-Material-Communicative: Former represents objects we use(cars, TV, etc.) as well as
locations related to a society(ie: p