Multiculturalism 2.docx

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Political Science
Sebastian Baglioni

1) Analyse Concepts of Protective and Polygot multiculturalism -Protective Multiculturalism -Protection of Minorities vs majority(and their culture), due to constant risk of segeration and persecution -Avoidance of assimilitation/oppression -Avoidance of “majority rule” in democracy: creates special protection for minorities -Protecting minorities is internal to minority groups, and how it effects conditions within the group -Is multiculturalism just “protective”? You should respect minority culture, we should embrace it, two sides of every argument -Dependant on understanding of multiculturalism -Polygot Multiculturalism: -Means multiple tounges/languages -Expansion of autonomous choice for individuals, choices to choose to preserve our identities -Borrowing and “appropriation” of cultures by borrowing elements from various cultures to form multiculturalism -Apporpriation: Create own element, this is now part of my identity/life: Smoking marijuana is an example as some make it part of their identity -To what extent is borrowing genuine? To what extent is it not betrayed by the original meanings? How do we know if curry we eat is Indian curry? -One hand is that it enriches our lives, another is that we make it our own -Celebration of Diversity? Or misrepresentation of cultural values? Out of respect or enjoyment of diversity? Or mockery of cultures 2) Dimension of Multiculturalism: -Three dimensional to Multiculturalism: -Multiculturalism challenges nations as cultural communities, notion that nation is primary or only meaningful membership -Definition of “Who you are” should nto be made upon nationalistic lines. -Do we embrace Canadian identity; can we just focus on one Canadian identity? -Coexistence of cultures in state-bounded territory—state creates politics of belonging, not neutral here and tries to impose it’s agenda -For state to assert national identity, there’s no problem, that’s identity. -Tension between political and cultural boundries, state is assumed to have cultural/political unity—only one political culture, simplistic view of state and nation -Is culture homogenised by the state? -Migration: Challenges power of state in multiculturalism—flow of people leads to movement and resettlement. States try to impose its borders and its power within the borders. -Technological Change: Causes changes in movement, social media allows for bridges between countries as communication, mental sentiment -Leads to Weakening of Nationalism: Our membership in a globalized world, no longer in a nationalized border which are eroding—cosmopolitanism 1) Challenge to “nation” -Culture as “community” -Entire life of individuals—affects entire life of individuals, encompasses all individuals, we live entire life within cultures. Culture needed to give meaning to life 2) Recognition of Minorities: Relative majorities, minority groups, what’s important here is that multiculturalism seeks recognition of those minorities. Pushes for restoration of minority culture -Divides society in minorities and majority—unequal power & cultural incompatibility -Historical vs migration minority: What is the difference? -Historical Minority: “They were here before” -Migration Minority: Minorities migrated to a single place. -Quest for “Group Rights”: Reforms pushed to recognize rights of minority groups to address historical discrimination -Create specific set of laws that apply to a group: people want group rights to ensure protection -Democracy & Citizenship: it guarantees equ
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