Forced Migration.docx

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Political Science
Sebastian Baglioni

POLA81 Week 6: Forced Migration Lecture’s Objectives: 1) Define”forced migration” 2) Define “agency” 3) Identify metaphors and political discourse 4) Analyse relation between refugee situation and political actors 5) Analyse role of NGOs in refugee situation 1) Define “Forced Migration” -Main characteristics—Migration against your will -External constraints, persecution, political evil, state makes you a target -Personal Decision: Warning about position of self in either of these streams, but at the same time, the situation is not imposed upon the people -Some balance here between external constraints -Historical forced no-choice migration: Slave trade -Contexts: Not an abstract context, needs reference to culture, tradtion, gender roles, etc. -Why is it important? Distinctive experience, important unique charactisterics -Differences between refugee and normal immigrants -Numbers: Sometimes data is not reliable, sometimes between 100 to million people, geographically concentrated—most in Middle East and East Asia -Special Claims: Claims for political asylum -Moral argument: State has to be flexiable to citizenship, refugee status, moral choice Reactive vs Proactive: No choice would be slaves, one has have to have capacity to avoid no choice, most choice would be tourist Retirees: Also have free will Voluntary vs Involuntary: Avoidable vs Inavoidable Purposive Actives: Have capacity to make informed decisions, weigh options till desirable one appear. Have a degree of capacity to make decisions, moral or practical -Argues for need to connect on personal level, recognize they are human beings 2) Define “Agency” -Ability for one to operate with choice, decisions, knowledge and ability to assess and act on knowledge -Capability to command skills, use resources available to you Vs image of refugees as victims as victims without choice or ability Constraints: Context of cultural values of refugee, social/political situations, majority vs minority struggle Political Actors: -Politicians, state authorities that have authority to make decisions to affect refugee situation -Policy Makers, bureaucrats, airport workers, make daily decisions, acute when faced with presence of refugee in borders -Pract
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