Nov 8th lecture notes

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Political Science
Sebastian Baglioni

Dimensions of Multiculturalism I) Challenge to “nation” (as cultural community) -Coexistence in state-bounded territory (state creates politics of belonging) -Political- Cultural boundaries -State is assumed to have unity btw culture and politics -Controlled/homogenized by the state? -Migration (defines that and challenges that) -Technological change (makes migration easier; sentimental and emotionally easy to move; can move back and forth mentally) -Weakening of nationalism (cosmopolitanism)- can move from one state to another easily -Culture as “community” (encompasses our overall being) -Specific type of membership -Entire life of individuals 2.) Recognition/Compensation of minorities -State should recognize and protect minorities -Culture will push for restoration and compensation -Culture creates change -Unequal power and cultural incompatibility -In Canada there is visible and invisible minorities; external aspect of the culture. -Invisible: belong to minorities but by looking at them you cant tell -Visible: can tell by looking at them -Historical minority vs. migration minority -Historical minority has territorial claim; ex. Native Canadians -Migration minority: is any group that has migrated to a new place -Quest for group rights Pushing change for change in political state; these specific groups are at disadvantage and might be discriminated so we need to address all that through quest groups; to ensure security and protection and even promotion -Democracy-citizenship -democracy guarantees equality; that freedom rights will be equally shared; When it comes to multicultural society it doesn’t work therefore they need to create exceptions for minorities 3.) Form of Anti-colonial discourse and struggle -Agreements; centre of state -Culture as centre of political emancipation -Universalism as a western power tool -Western culture usually values freedom, liberty, and democracy as universal values -Politics of Identity (vs. politics of citizenship) -Need to redefine how some parts of democracy works. 3.) Identify linkages btw immigration and multiculturalism - Migrants and national loyalty (vs. assimilation) - Migration no longer a “one way trip” - Liberal states and cultural opposition - Voluntary, individual decision (pull factor) 4.) Analyse the experience of the US, Germany and Britain USA -Race problem -Hist
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