Lecture Section: LEC 01
Date: September 27, 2013.
Overview of Lecture
Determinants of Migration
Micro: individuals/family, wages, cost-benefit.
Meso: networks, diasporas, transnationalism
Macro: demographic, political, economic conditions.
Micro Level Meso (Middle) Level Macro Level
- based on neo-classical - migration creates/reinforces - demography
economic theory networks - developed societies are
- movement driven by (D) network: a set of relationships shrinking, developing societies
differences in wages derived from affinities are growing
- decisions made by - how are networks formed? - demand for migrants in the
individuals/families through - people, communications, culture former, supply of migrants in
cost-benefit analysis (often - pioneers, bridgeheads: links to the latter
w/long term goals in mind). destinations - emigration is often driven by
- families: chain migration high fertility rates, such as
- ethnic economies safety value.
- [usually] migration = developing → developed
- flows decrease as countries become richer
- Catholics were not welcome in America because they were assumed to struggle w/ democracy (always
had someone leading them)
What is transnationalism?
- movement b/w places aided by transportation technology.
- able to live in one place, aided by communication technology and “softer” membership rules (ie. dual
Diasporas & Transnationalism
- classical “victims” of diasporas: Armenians and Jews
- post-colonial diasporas: Indians in the Caribbean
- “new” diasporas: migration of the concept.
- economic change and development enables migration in poorer parts of the world
- conflict/displacement (push factor)
- role of the state is key.
- sets the term of entry through i