POLA81 LEC 10 Nov 15.docx
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Department
Political Science
Course
POLD52H3
Professor
Prof.Triadolpilopolis
Semester
Fall

Description
POLA81 November 15, 2013 Week 10 Intergration and Multiculturalism Essay Handout • Please review the handout carefully o Provides advice on  What a thesis statement is  How to structure your essay  How to cite sources properly and not to plagiarize  How to edit your work • Paper is due in class (hard copy) and through turnitin.com (electronic ile) on  FRIDAY NOVEMBER 22 Overview 1. what is immigrant integration? What is multiculturalism 2. emergence & development of Multiculturalism 3. Multiculturalism in Canada 4. Civic Integration VS Multiculturalism 5. The future of Multiculturatlism What is Integration? • An expectation that immigrants become more like the majority society, with  respect to o Language o Informal conventions( political culture) o Adopting “our” values  Idea that citezens have political rights, paying taxes and such  “duties” and rights were the benefits that came with citizenship’  “us” and “them” immigrants become like us by adopting out  language...  cultural norms : adapting Integration and Solidarity • Economic dimension: o Succeful integration means being a contributing member of society (in  part) by having a job • Social dimentsion: o Effort to maintain solidarity­ a feeling of togetherness in a situation in  which societ is very diverse o How can society “stick together” in the face of mass immigration from a  diverce ranges Integration Policy • How state pursued this goal? o Assimilation: use of coercion to compel immigrants to become more like  majority society  E.g. “Americanization” campaigns in United States in late­19  and  th early 20  centuries • Schools: pledge of allegiance, national anthem • Courses in home …. Multiculturalism • Rejection of coercive assimilation o Integration on fairer term of immigrants o Greater respect for immigrants’ culture o Some efforts to help maintain cultures, while also incouraging integration • Entails recognition, acceptance and positive valuation of diversity o City toronto’s motto: “diversity is out strength” • Also public policies inspired by these positions on diversity Development of Multiculturalism • Rooted in rejection of scientific racism and racial discrimination after WWII o Relation to broader human rights revolution decolonization, Civil Rights  Movements, minority rights “revolution” o Rejection of notion that some culture were more advanced and therefore  superior to others • Equity of the law: progression of people saying “I don’t see colour” • Sight notion that everyone is equal: fundamental challenge Multicultural Citizenship o Idea that previously oppressed groups deserve special rights to make­up for power  imbalance o National minorities: self­government rights o Historically disadvantaged groups (women, racialized minorities):  affirmative action rights o Immigrants: polyethnic rights  Right to translation in court, hospital  Right to state assistance for ethnic media, Heritage Language,  schooling, exemptions from dress codes and accommodation of  religious practices • Allowed to Wearing turbans instead of work hat Measuring Multiculturalism • Banting and Kymicka measure countries level of multiculturalism by asking  whether they o Recognize multiculturalism in constitutions and laws o Adopt multiculturalism in school curricula o Offer exemptions from dress codes o Allow for dual citizenship o Fund ethnic organizations to support cultural activities o Fund bilingual or mother0tongue education o Offer affirmative action to disadvantaged groups Overall Goal of Multiculturalism • To challenged traditional ethnic and racial hierarchy’s discredited by the post  WWII human rights revolution • Does NOT support illiberal cultural practices
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