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Political Science
Waldemar Skrobacki

POLA84 Week 9 Non-Global Community: the Case of Europe and the Fate of European Nations Approachesto IR Approachesto Globalizationand, hence,change A. HYPERGLOBALISERS B. SCEPTICS C. TRANSFORMATIONALISTS *END OF STATE *STATENOT *STATESTAYS BUT CHANGING *END OF ANARCHY CHANGING *ANARCHYBUT CHANGING THROUGHMARKET *ANARCHY *ORDER:MIXTUREOF POWER, *ORDER: MARKETAND LAW MIXTUREOF POWERAND WHATEVERELSE MAY WORK I. REALISM *STATE *ANARCHY *ORDER THROUGH POWER II. LIBERALISM *STATE *ANARCHY *ORDER THROUGH LAW Change(): from I. B. to II. C. 1 EU USA 87 prisoners per 100,000 people 685 1,562 Typical employed American put in 1,877 hours in 2000 0.2 European One American in three works more than fifty hours a week thirty paid days off work per year in Sweden Americans can hope for something between four and British get an average of twenty-three ten, depending on where they live. the ratio in Britain is 24:1, in France 15:1, in Sweden In 1980 the average American chief executive earned 13:1 40:1 the average manufacturing employee. For the top tier of American CEOs, the ratio is now 475:1 All are insured 50 million Americans have no health insurance at all EU th According to the World Health Organization the 16 in spending United States is number 1 in health spending per 3 in quality capitaand 37 in the quality of its service Sweden 8 percent 15 percent of US gross domestic product on "health care" Sweden 8 th the US ranks 26 thamong industrial nations in infant th Slovenia 15 th mortality Lithuania 28 Today the gap is 5 percent and closing fast In 1970 GDP per hour in the EU was 35 percent below that of the US Productivity per hour of work in Italy, Austria, and US used to be most productive (productivity per Denmark is similar to that of the United States hour) Ireland, the Netherlands, Norway, Belgium, Luxembourg, Germany, France outperforms US 2005 1.9 trillion (17 percent of GDP) 2005 foreign debt 3.3 trillion (28 percent of GDP) 2000 Europe FDI in America 2.7:1 US FDI in Europe 1:2.7 Subsequently, Europeans owned emblematically American own(ed) European brands: typical American brands: Brooks Brothers, DKNY, Saab, Volvo, Opel Random House, Kent Cigarettes, Dove Soap, Chrysler, Bird's Eye, Pennzoil, Baskin-Robbins, and the Los Angeles Dodgers 65 percent of European jobs in 2002 were in small 46 percent in the US and medium sized firms, compared with just The EU Charter of Fundamental Rights promises the In the US no guarantee "right to parental leave following the birth or adoption of a child" and every European country provides salary support during that leave. In Sweden women get sixty-four weeks off and two thirds of their wages. In Portugal guaranteed maternity leave for three months on 100 percent salary 1 Italian in 13 in poverty In the US today the richest 1 percent holds 38 percent of the wealth 1 American in 5 in poverty 2WHAT IS THE EU? Article 1 (ex Article A) of the Treaty on EuropeanUnion: This treaty marks a new state in the process of creating an ever closer union amongthe peoples of Europe, in which decisions are taken as openly as possible and as closely as possible to the citizen Article 6 (ex Article F) The Union is founded on the principles of liberty, democracy, respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms,and the rule of law, principles which are common to the Member States. Multilevel Politics: escape from national hatreds and from the Westphalian system, SOVEREIGNTY The functions of the nation-state have been changing. Symbolic the EURO. (Also social and political) But the EU is not a state: no EU president, no truly Pan-European parties. The EU flag is widely used, but always in conjunction with the national flag and, frequently, regional flag. MOST IMPORTANT: the Europeans do no
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