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Political Science
Waldemar Skrobacki

Week 3Outline I Theories of Global Politics A Liberalism B Realism C Radicalism D Alternative Theories II Social Scientific Study of Global Politics A Comparisons B Generalizations III Theory and Evidence A Hypotheses and Assumptions B Specifying and Testing Hypotheses IV The Study and Practice of Global Politics A The Question of Policy Relevance B The Question of Values 1 Empirical Theory 2 Normative Theory Summary I Theories about Global Politics By the end of World War II three general perspectives on Global Politics had emerged liberalism realism and radicalism The perspectives lead their proponents to ask different questions and they stress different levels of analysis in their explanations Nevertheless they often lead to contrasting explanations or predictions that can be tested and found to be more or less correct The book aims to contrast explanations or predictions derived from the three perspectives A Liberalism Liberals highlight representative forms of government and respect for individual rights and hope that the spread of democracy would lead to peaceful relations among states Liberalism emphasizes the benefits of collective security and rule of international law which limits countries actions Liberalism maintains faith in human progress and social harmonysociety of states Liberalism argues that ideas norms and rules as well as power and interests determine international outcomesB Realism Realists are more skeptical and believe that people are selfinterested often selfish and seek to dominate others They consider nationstates the most important actors in Global Politics in a selfhelp system where there is no higher world authority to guarantee national securityRealism is an approach to the study and practice of international politics It emphasizes the role of the nationstate and makes a broad assumption that all nationstates are motivated by national interests or at best national interests disguised as moral concerns Realism is school of thought that explains International Relations in terms of power This school has a long history of development and widespread geographical proponents including Sun Tzu from China Thucydides from Greece and Machiavelli from Italy The underlying assumptions of realism are that human nature is essentially selfish that states are the most important actors that states act like rational individuals in pursuing national interests and that states act in an anarchic international system with no central government 1
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