POLA84_Wk_02.pdf

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Department
Political Science
Course
POLD89H3
Professor
Waldemar Skrobacki
Semester
Winter

Description
Wk 2 POLA84 REALISMInternational system is in a constant state of anarchyThe only truly important actor in the international system is the stateAll state are sovereign hence on one else but the state can come to some kind of arrangements with other states SOVEREIGNTY Blacks Law Dictionary Sixth Edition The supreme absolute and uncontrollable power by which any independent state is governed supreme political authority the supreme will paramount control of the constitution and frame of government and its administration the selfsufficient source of political power from which all specific political powers are derived the international independence of a state combined with the right and power of regulating its internal affairs without foreign dictation also a political society or state which is sovereign and independent The power to do everything in a state without accountability to make laws to execute and to apply them to impose and collect taxes and levy contributions to make war or peace to form treaties of alliance or of commerce with foreign nations and the like Sovereignty in government is that public authority which directs or orders what is to be done by each member associated in relation to the end of the association It is the supreme power by which any citizen is governed and is the person or body of persons in the state to whom there is politically no superior The necessary existence of the state and that right and power which necessarily follow is sovereignty By sovereignty in its largest sense is meant supreme absolute uncontrollable power the absolute right to govern The word which by itself comes nearest to being the definition of sovereignty is will or volition as applied to political affairs Bouviers Law Dictionary 1856 Edition SOVEREIGN STATE One which governs itself independently of any foreign power SOVEREIGNTY The union and exercise of all human power possessed in a state it is a combination of all power it is the power to do everything in a state without accountability to make laws to execute and to apply them to impose and collect taxes and levy contributions to make war or peace to form treaties of alliance or of commerce with foreign nations and the like Story on the Const 207 2 Abstractedly sovereignty resides in the body of the nation and belongs to the people But these powers are generally exercised by delegation 3 When analyzed sovereignty is naturally divided into three great powers namely the legislative the executive and the judiciary the first is the power to make new laws and to correct and repeal the old the second is the power to execute the laws both at home and abroad and the last is the power to apply the laws to particular facts to judge the disputes which arise among the citizens and to punish crimes 1
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