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Lecture 20

PSYA01H3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 20: Echoic Memory, George Sperling, Cognitive Psychology

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PSYA01 Lec 7.1 Memory: Not a Singular Noun
November 16, 2015
- We use memory like we use the term bed I have a crappy memory aka I
have a crappy bed
- There are many memories and it is better to not think of them as nouns
(person, place, thing) but as processes (verbs)
- We have multiple memory systems and its about what they do and how the
transform information
Memory is who you are
- Clive Wearing he was a musician of highest excellence & conductor
o Got Herpes and Syphilitis which causes an extreme fever in the brain
area and can cook parts of the brain if it is not treated well enough
o A lot of Clive’s brain area was destroyed – most of them were related
to memory
o He became the living example of what life was like if we didn’t have
memory systems
- Imagine for a moment what your life would be like if all you knew was the
- Clive Wearing
- Certain brain areas were effected
- Constantly re-experiencing
- There are some things he hasn’t forgotten – eg: planning piano
The Variety of Memory Systems
- The brain has a number of different memory systems which sometimes do
their own things and sometimes interact
- The chart shows the systems I will be highlighting in my lectures these are
the primary systems
- Some are very sensory memory systems keep sensory thing we’ve
experienced alive for a while
- Working memory (STM) Almost like consciousness the place in our heads
where we bring things together and work with them but that place can hold
information and hold it for short periods of time
- LTM splits into Explicit memory (constantly remember) & Implicit memory
(not accessing it consciously, procedural memory)
- Episodic Memory (Episodes from our lives, sharing events and experiences)
and Semantic Memory (Information that we’ve learned and stored in our had
and can retrieve, Eg: 6x7=24)
find more resources at
find more resources at
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