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Lecture 4

PSYA01H3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Sigmund Freud, Behaviorism, Cognitive Revolution

Course Code
Steve Joordens

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Birth of Psychology - Herman Von Ebbinghaus (1850-1909)
Showed where psychology was going before Freud
Early- scientific psychology
Interested in memory and show that you can study it psychology
Interested in James's ideas and put them to the test
Created a lot of CVC's (constant, vowel, constant)
Didn’t want to use words
Went through the cards and tried to remember it
Wanted to be able to retrieve the list twice in a row
Lost as much as 50% of CVC's after 20 min
"gone but not forgotten"
Unable to retrieve them, but if you review it, easy to remember again
To show the rest of the world that the study of the mind can be scientific
Sigmund Freud (1856-1939)
Not a scientist, but a medical doctor
The flu is actually caused by a virus in your body and virus gives symptoms
Try to figure out what's causing the symptoms and kill the symptoms
Took this model and brought it into mental disorders
That there's some underlying cause
Invented psychoanalysis to find these causes
Freud lived in Victorian era where they were obsessed with being proper
Eg. Not talk about sexual topics, or aggression
Theorized that there are biological orders, and that these can be controlled
Eg. Temperature, hunger VS sexual, aggression
Said that mothers are attached to their sons
Discovered things about other's deep unconscious state
Why do scientists have a problem with Freud?
Told a complex rich story about factors that determined how you behave
Could explain any behaviour he saw - come up with a theory to explain it
Emphasized on mental illness
Lecture 4
Sunday, September 8, 2019
9:18 PM

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