PSYA02H3 Lecture Notes - Abu Ghraib Torture And Prisoner Abuse, In-Group Favoritism, Milgram Experiment

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Published on 14 Apr 2013
School
UTSC
Department
Psychology
Course
PSYA02H3
social psychology
peer pressure
the need to belong
humans are social creatures
● conformity
tendency for humans to conform when in groups
Milgram study
considered to be one of the most shocking psychological experiments
unethical due to psychological harm
to what extent will people follow a leader
● confederates
acting just like the subject
often aiding a deception
in cahoots with the experimenter
Why are you listening to the authority figure?
What is the psychology that makes people go along with it?
people are suddenly willing and able to do things that they’d never do if it were just them
somebody to blame for their actions
off-load the ethical decision making
somebody is making the ethical decisions
combination of the Milgram experiment and the Zimbardo notion
people will largely do it
(whatever is it that the authority figure ‘commands’)
Zimbardo and the Abu Ghraib incident
had an issue with the fact that only two (or three) people were charged
claimed that because of what we know in psychology
stated that everybody was responsible for creating the situation
shame to only call the two (or three) people “bad apples”
critical points
transfer of responsibility
fusion of responsibility
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Document Summary

Tendency for humans to conform when in groups. Considered to be one of the most shocking psychological experiments. To what extent will people follow a leader. People are suddenly willing and able to do things that they"d never do if it were just them. Combination of the milgram experiment and the zimbardo notion. (whatever is it that the authority figure commands") Had an issue with the fact that only two (or three) people were charged. Claimed that because of what we know in psychology. Stated that everybody was responsible for creating the situation. Shame to only call the two (or three) people bad apples . People with whom an individual shares a common identity. People cluster in groups where they share things in common. Individuals are in more than one ingroup. People perceived as different from an individual"s ingroup. Individuals are familiar and comfortable with own ingroups. Prejudice offers an outlet for anger by providing someone to blame.

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