PSYA02H3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Neurology, Reaction Formation, Psychoanalysis

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Argument about the validity of the test. Other 4 theories focus on experience of the individual. When we experience positive outcome, we repeat it. Animals produce behaviour that are reinforced and avoid behaviour that has a negative outcome. Behaviourist theorists believe that the same principle applies to human personality. We are constantly being rewarded or punished. Personality is how a person deals with the situations encountered in daily life. Correlation between personality and behaviour is not all that high. E. g. introverted people do not actually spend much more time alone than extraverted people do. This may be because people"s behaviour is highly situation-dependent. Sct argue that we base our behaviour on personal constructs. Social-cognitive psychologists argue that these dimensions that we choose tell us about own personalities. We use these constructs to divide people up in our life, it means it"s important to us. Another way that our personalities different from one another is our outcome expectancies.

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