Class Notes (922,368)
CA (542,801)
UTSC (32,897)
Psychology (8,020)
PSYA02H3 (1,066)
John Bassili (120)
Lecture

Lecture 2

2 Pages
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Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYA02H3
Professor
John Bassili

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Psychology Lecture 2
-language can be broken down into
1) Sentences
2) Phrases
3) Words
4) Morphemes
5) Phonemes
Phoneme
-phoneme is the smallest unit of sound
-letter sound
-not meaningful
-production of phoneme begins with column of air
-produced by air pressure that sends air out of the mouth
-vocal cord produces voicing
Phoneme p/b
-p and b sounds are bilabial plosives
-plosives means explosion in sound
-lip is involved to produce the phonemes
-hold the pressure with the lip and release it to create an explosion
-tongue is at rest and is not involved in the production
Difference between phoneme p/b
-differs in the time the vocal cord produces voicing (onset of vocal cord vibration)
-voicing is about 0.6 second earlier in b phoneme production than that of p
Phoneme s/z
-s and z sounds are alveolar fricative
-putting tongue up the alveolar area (front teeth)
-fricative means friction sound
-s phoneme does not involve vocal cord vibration
-z phoneme requires vocal cord vibration
-there are 40 phonemes in English, but only 26 letters to represent
-letter depends on the context to produce different sounds
Morpheme
-smallest unit of meaning, including suffix and prefix
Lexicon
-root word in the vocabulary
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Description
Psychology Lecture 2 -language can be broken down into 1) Sentences 2) Phrases 3) Words 4) Morphemes 5) Phonemes Phoneme -phoneme is the smallest unit of sound -letter sound -not meaningful -production of phoneme begins with column of air -produced by air pressure that sends air out of the mouth -vocal cord produces voicing Phoneme pb -p and b sounds are bilabial plosives -plosives means explosion in sound -lip is involved to produce the phonemes -hold the pressure with the lip and release it to create an explosion -tongue is at rest and is not involved in the production Difference between phoneme pb -differs in the time the vocal
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