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Lecture 9

Lecture 9

Course Code
John Bassili

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Psychology Lecture 9
Fundamental Processes of Development
1) Maturation- genetic program for growth, nature
2) Imitation
-observe others
-contribute greatly to learning
3) Practice
-circular reaction
-perform activity repeatedly if it produces pleasant feeling
4) Habituation
-is interested in novel and exciting object
-when infant is exposed repeatedly to the same object, he becomes less interested
-does not spend time on object that is not interesting
Sensory and Perception Development
-newborn is sensitive to taste and pain
-can discriminate between phoneme
-least developed sense because its mechanism is the most complex
Visual Cliff
-a test to see if infant can see depth
-an apparatus with a glass platform between two checkerboard platform to see if infant will crawl
across the glass platform
-infants do not pass the visual cliff, which shows they develop sense of depth
-a useful test to see if infant show response
-indicate kids can notice difference between new and old objects
-kids have preference over familiar voice, like parents instead of stranger
-sensitive to high pitch sound
-gradually develop far sight vision
-gaze longer at pictures of old pattern
-prefer face over other images
-suck greatly when infant is exposed to sweet taste
-use vision to explore environment
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