Lecture 2 - Language
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LEC02 [Chapter 10]Language
The Building Blocks of Language
What are the elements that make up spoken language?
Language can be broken down into elements at several levels.
Concentrating on Spoken language
“The players talked to the fans”
•Broken down into: (smallest to biggest)Phonemes, morphemes, words,
•Phonemes are the smallest significant units of sound in a language
•Morphemes are smallest unit of meaning, brought together to make words
•Words become phrases and then grammar and into sentences
Smallest significant units of sound in a language
How do we produce sound? In a way that we can understand
Where does it all start? In our throats, the changing columns of moving air.
Producing air pressure that sends air out of the mouth.
Columns of air carry sound waves, not actual waves, waves move faster
Sounds are made through lips, tongue, vocal cords
Differences between p and b as well as between ‘s’ and ‘z’ is voicing (vibration of
Bilabial Plosives make the sounds for ‘p’ & ‘b’;
•bilabial uses both lips are used to make the sound
•plosives means that there’s a mini explosion.
•Computers now can manipulate the onset on voicing electronically
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