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Lecture 11

Lecture 11


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYA02H3
Professor
John Bassili
Lecture
11

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Psychology II Lecture 11
-Piaget emphasizes spontaneous exploration child (independent discovery)
-did not emphasize communication
-the stages he has described are standard for all kids in the development
-follow the same order and shows clear progression
Vygotsky
-believed all complex activities develop in social content
-we come to appreciate things and how we need to understand the world through communication
-zone of proximal development- kids cannot develop the skills on their own, but is able to
achieve them through social context with some help from parents or teachers
-without assistance, the process is delay
-provide distant discovery
-discovery process benefits from more skilled, more mature people
2 Types of Asssisted Discovery
1) scaffolding- provide assistance to help child to master skill, teacher builds support
2) peer collaboration- group discussion help to solve complex task
ADHD (Attention-Deficit & Hyperactivity Disorder)
-3 characteristics
1) inattention- difficulty to pay attention for a long time
-but is able to pay long attention to things that interest them
2) hyperactivity- constantly burst out to create stimulation
3) impulsivity- cannot control body movement
-blur out something, cannot stay calm
-do not listen, easily distracted
-hard time to focus, lose interest easily
-search around to find more stimulating task to do
-demanding, self-centered
-less able to control activity level
-has hard time to follow rules
-lack of self-discipline
Causes
-not due to high level of sugar and home environment
-bad parenting and chaotic parents are not the reason
-there is genetic link
-brain of ADHD patient is less active despite they show constant activity (paradox)
-hyperactivity is a way to compensate for the dormant brain region
-underactivity in brain region, in the frontal region
-brain injury in pregnancy and birth was first to be believed the cause, it was proven wrong later
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