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5 Feb 2011
School
Department
Course
Professor
Psychology II Lecture 11
-Piaget emphasizes spontaneous exploration child (independent discovery)
-did not emphasize communication
-the stages he has described are standard for all kids in the development
-follow the same order and shows clear progression
Vygotsky
-believed all complex activities develop in social content
-we come to appreciate things and how we need to understand the world through communication
-zone of proximal development- kids cannot develop the skills on their own, but is able to
achieve them through social context with some help from parents or teachers
-without assistance, the process is delay
-provide distant discovery
-discovery process benefits from more skilled, more mature people
2 Types of Asssisted Discovery
1) scaffolding- provide assistance to help child to master skill, teacher builds support
2) peer collaboration- group discussion help to solve complex task
ADHD (Attention-Deficit & Hyperactivity Disorder)
-3 characteristics
1) inattention- difficulty to pay attention for a long time
-but is able to pay long attention to things that interest them
2) hyperactivity- constantly burst out to create stimulation
3) impulsivity- cannot control body movement
-blur out something, cannot stay calm
-do not listen, easily distracted
-hard time to focus, lose interest easily
-search around to find more stimulating task to do
-demanding, self-centered
-less able to control activity level
-has hard time to follow rules
-lack of self-discipline
Causes
-not due to high level of sugar and home environment
-bad parenting and chaotic parents are not the reason
-there is genetic link
-brain of ADHD patient is less active despite they show constant activity (paradox)
-hyperactivity is a way to compensate for the dormant brain region
-underactivity in brain region, in the frontal region
-brain injury in pregnancy and birth was first to be believed the cause, it was proven wrong later
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Document Summary

The stages he has described are standard for all kids in the development. Follow the same order and shows clear progression. Believed all complex activities develop in social content. We come to appreciate things and how we need to understand the world through communication. Zone of proximal development- kids cannot develop the skills on their own, but is able to achieve them through social context with some help from parents or teachers. Discovery process benefits from more skilled, more mature people. 2 types of asssisted discovery: scaffolding- provide assistance to help child to master skill, teacher builds support, peer collaboration- group discussion help to solve complex task. 3 characteristics: inattention- difficulty to pay attention for a long time. But is able to pay long attention to things that interest them: hyperactivity- constantly burst out to create stimulation, impulsivity- cannot control body movement. Search around to find more stimulating task to do.

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