Class Notes (943,846)
CA (552,006)
UTSC (33,266)
Psychology (8,113)
PSYA02H3 (1,071)
John Bassili (120)
Lecture

Lecture Notes with Powerpoint References

2 Pages
47 Views

Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYA02H3
Professor
John Bassili

This preview shows half of the first page. Sign up to view the full 2 pages of the document.
Chapter 12 Life-Span Development January 28
Early Developmental Processes
Some processes are fundamental to development:
Maturation (genetic program for growth, child left for growth, nature)
Imitation (essential for learning, observing others doing things i.e. Washoe, the
chimp watching trainers with sign language)
Practice (essential for refinement and consolidation, circular reactions)
Habituation (promotes novel exploration, getting bored of something, getting used
to it, i.e. to test if a baby could differentiate between two items, show it and take it
away, repeat process until baby does not react to it; when new item is presented,
baby would show interest in new item)
Sensory and Perceptual Development
Touch, taste, smell and hearing are relatively well developed at birth
Vision is the least developed
Babies are very sensitive to pain
They have taste and smell preferences and communicate them through facial expressions
(taste, smell)
They can distinguish almost all sounds in language (hearing)
They could only focus at a distance of 20-30 cm (vision)
Video on Imitation, Habituation and Early Perception
Babies respond to new toys (dishabituates), and ignore toys presented already
A baby’s vision is perfect for gazing at the caregiver’s face
Infants turn to sweet smells, turn away from foul odours
Taste is well developed in infancy, sucking sugary solution on pacifier, surprised to suck
on vinegar solution
Vision is developed quickly, by the time the baby could crawl, they have developed depth
perception, and is able to avoid a cliff
Critical Periods
Maturation does not occur in a vacuum,” stimulation and nurture is a huge part of
growth
When deprived of stimulation, bad things could occur to the parts that lack stimulation
(i.e. sight, when not getting stimulation to both eyes, between the age of 1-3, they do not
have disparity of depth; if stimulation is not there, maturation process will die off)
Language is acquired quickly by humans, maybe because of a mechanism in the human
brain
A girl (Genie) was never spoken to for the first 13 years of her age, she was isolated, she
never acquired language even with help later on; once she missed on the maturation
period, she could never acquire language
Accents in English will occur when someone learns the language after the age of 10-11
The environment is needed for maturation to work
www.notesolution.com

Loved by over 2.2 million students

Over 90% improved by at least one letter grade.

Leah — University of Toronto

OneClass has been such a huge help in my studies at UofT especially since I am a transfer student. OneClass is the study buddy I never had before and definitely gives me the extra push to get from a B to an A!

Leah — University of Toronto
Saarim — University of Michigan

Balancing social life With academics can be difficult, that is why I'm so glad that OneClass is out there where I can find the top notes for all of my classes. Now I can be the all-star student I want to be.

Saarim — University of Michigan
Jenna — University of Wisconsin

As a college student living on a college budget, I love how easy it is to earn gift cards just by submitting my notes.

Jenna — University of Wisconsin
Anne — University of California

OneClass has allowed me to catch up with my most difficult course! #lifesaver

Anne — University of California
Description
Chapter 12 Life-Span Development January 28 Early Developmental Processes Some processes are fundamental to development: Maturation (genetic program for growth, child left for growth, nature) Imitation (essential for learning, observing others doing things i.e. Washoe, the chimp watching trainers with sign language) Practice (essential for refinement and consolidation, circular reactions) Habituation (promotes novel exploration, getting bored of something, getting used to it, i.e. to test if a baby could differentiate between two items, show it and take it away, repeat process until baby does not react to it; when new item is presented, baby would show interest in new item) Sensory and Perceptual Development Touch, taste, smell and hearing are relatively well developed at birth Vision is the least developed Babies are very sensitive to pain They have taste and smell preferences and communicate them through facial expressions (taste, smell) They can distinguish almost all sounds in language (hearing) They could only focus at a distance of 20-30 cm (vision) Video on Imitation, Habituation and Early Perception Babies respond to new toys (dishabituates), and ignore to
More Less
Unlock Document


Only half of the first page are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


OR

Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit