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Lecture 3

PSYA02H3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Reinforcement, Mary Ainsworth

Course Code
Steve Joordens

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Lecture 6 Social Development
Real life Social Networking
Humans have gotten as far as we have because we are intensely social animals, we
want relationships, we need to feel like we are loved, we gain power through
This desire for social relations is present at birth, and is bi-directional, as represented
both by “maternal instincts” and via specific behaviours emitted by the infant.
Sucking … both for food or for comfort
Cuddling … comfort seems to signal security (Harlow’s work)
Looking … eye to eye contact to initiate interactions
Smiling … the best reward of parenting? (5 weeks)
Crying … Teaching parents through negative reinforcement
Social Interactions in Infants
Humans acquire a great deal of social information from the nonverbal cues provided by
The human face is a major source of non-verbal cues and babies attend preferentially to
faces almost from birth
Still face experiments dramatically show how important these cues are
The Nature and Quality of Attachment
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