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Lecture 17

Lecture 17

Course Code
John Bassili

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Lecture 17 Psychology II
5 Approaches to personality
-personality is an attribute of people
1) Trait Approach
-character quality, like nice, fun to be with, bright
-not physical appearance
-trait is a stable deposition of individual
-there are 20 000 personality traits to describe someone
-factor analysis is used to identify underlying clusters of factors
-researchers will come up with a questionnaire with all 20 000 traits vocabulary and ask
participants to rate a person’s personality
-computer software is used to calculate the tendency of one trait to another and their relationship
-result is there are 5 main clusters in personality trait
-people’s personality is a mixture of the 5 main clusters instead of representation from one
-fit somewhere in this continuum
i) Neuroticism
-excess of negative emotion
-become hyper, worried, unstable, and nervous about issue
-moody and tense with others
-see negative side in everything
ii) Extroversion
-being outgoing, sociable, fun-loving
iii) Openness
-opened to experience
-imaginative, intelligent, creative, curious
-open to all kinds of idea
iv) Agreeableness
-pleasant, helpful, friendly, empathetic
v) Conscientiousness
-responsible, reliable, punctual, hardworking
-do thing right, double-check
Trait in relationship with academic performance
-conscientiousness plays the greatest factor
-requires note taking and chapter review for people to succeed
-persistence is key to success
-openness plays a role
-be curious about the material
2) Psychobiological Approach
-biological and genetic influence is heritable
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