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20 Feb 2011
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Lecture 17 Psychology II
5 Approaches to personality
-personality is an attribute of people
1) Trait Approach
-character quality, like nice, fun to be with, bright
-not physical appearance
-trait is a stable deposition of individual
-there are 20 000 personality traits to describe someone
-factor analysis is used to identify underlying clusters of factors
-researchers will come up with a questionnaire with all 20 000 traits vocabulary and ask
participants to rate a person’s personality
-computer software is used to calculate the tendency of one trait to another and their relationship
-result is there are 5 main clusters in personality trait
-people’s personality is a mixture of the 5 main clusters instead of representation from one
cluster
-fit somewhere in this continuum
i) Neuroticism
-excess of negative emotion
-become hyper, worried, unstable, and nervous about issue
-moody and tense with others
-see negative side in everything
ii) Extroversion
-being outgoing, sociable, fun-loving
iii) Openness
-opened to experience
-imaginative, intelligent, creative, curious
-open to all kinds of idea
iv) Agreeableness
-pleasant, helpful, friendly, empathetic
v) Conscientiousness
-responsible, reliable, punctual, hardworking
-do thing right, double-check
Trait in relationship with academic performance
-conscientiousness plays the greatest factor
-requires note taking and chapter review for people to succeed
-persistence is key to success
-openness plays a role
-be curious about the material
2) Psychobiological Approach
-biological and genetic influence is heritable
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Document Summary

Personality is an attribute of people: trait approach. Character quality, like nice, fun to be with, bright. There are 20 000 personality traits to describe someone. Factor analysis is used to identify underlying clusters of factors. Researchers will come up with a questionnaire with all 20 000 traits vocabulary and ask participants to rate a person"s personality. Computer software is used to calculate the tendency of one trait to another and their relationship. Result is there are 5 main clusters in personality trait. People"s personality is a mixture of the 5 main clusters instead of representation from one cluster. Become hyper, worried, unstable, and nervous about issue. Open to all kinds of idea: agreeableness. Requires note taking and chapter review for people to succeed. Be curious about the material: psychobiological approach. Intelligence is a form of personality trait as well. Twin studies are used to test heritability of personality. Look at the effect of brain damage on personality.

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