Class Notes (1,100,000)
CA (640,000)
UTSC (30,000)
Psychology (9,000)
PSYA02H3 (1,000)
Lecture 18

Lecture 18

Course Code
John Bassili

This preview shows half of the first page. to view the full 3 pages of the document.
Lecture 18 Psychology II
Psychodynamic Approach
-Freud said that events that happen in young childhood shape our personality
-may fixate and carry that emotion to adulthood
-psychodynamic refers to interplay of psycho and energy
-one can use mental energy to regulate emotion and how we see ourselves
-mind has 3 basic structures:
1) Id
-place in ourselves where impulse comes from
-works on the basis of pleasure principle
-wants gratification, provides motivation
-not a rational thinking entity
2) Ego
-rational part of self
-think about consequence of action
-put constrain on id
-function on the basis of reality principle
3) Superego
-capture moral
-think about how others feel about the consequence of action
-moral and ethical approach
-id is unconscious, not open to our understanding
-before this theory, people think of behaviour as conscious and reflective
-ego and superego are conscious
-in some cases, reasoning in ego and superego is unconscious as well
-analogy to iceberg
-ego and superego are above water level (conscious)
-id is below water level (unconscious)
-when we use mental energy to regulate impulsive idea from id, we may evoke defence
-try to defend oneself from the unreasonableness from id
-mental illness results when too much energy is used to control id
-analysis of thought is the defence mechanism people use to defend themselves in the conflict
-case study: an only child who gets attention easily from parents
-his id wants attention
-when his mother gets pregnant, the child loses attention from newborn
-his need of attention is not gratified as effective as it was in the past
-start to develop intensive hatred to newborn and parents
-conflict is resulted because the child dislikes his parents, but also depends on the parents for
-child tries to reduce tension by developing defence mechanism
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version