Lecture 18

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21 Feb 2011
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Lecture 18 Psychology II
Psychodynamic Approach
-Freud said that events that happen in young childhood shape our personality
-may fixate and carry that emotion to adulthood
-psychodynamic refers to interplay of psycho and energy
-one can use mental energy to regulate emotion and how we see ourselves
-mind has 3 basic structures:
1) Id
-place in ourselves where impulse comes from
-works on the basis of pleasure principle
-wants gratification, provides motivation
-not a rational thinking entity
2) Ego
-rational part of self
-think about consequence of action
-put constrain on id
-function on the basis of reality principle
3) Superego
-capture moral
-think about how others feel about the consequence of action
-moral and ethical approach
-id is unconscious, not open to our understanding
-before this theory, people think of behaviour as conscious and reflective
-ego and superego are conscious
-in some cases, reasoning in ego and superego is unconscious as well
-analogy to iceberg
-ego and superego are above water level (conscious)
-id is below water level (unconscious)
-when we use mental energy to regulate impulsive idea from id, we may evoke defence
mechanism
-try to defend oneself from the unreasonableness from id
-mental illness results when too much energy is used to control id
-analysis of thought is the defence mechanism people use to defend themselves in the conflict
-case study: an only child who gets attention easily from parents
-his id wants attention
-when his mother gets pregnant, the child loses attention from newborn
-his need of attention is not gratified as effective as it was in the past
-start to develop intensive hatred to newborn and parents
-conflict is resulted because the child dislikes his parents, but also depends on the parents for
nurture
-child tries to reduce tension by developing defence mechanism
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