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PSYA02H3 (1,000)
Lecture 6

Lecture 6


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYA02H3
Professor
John Bassili
Lecture
6

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Saad Imran Page 1
Lecture 6
PSYA02
Chapter 11 t Intelligence
x What is Intelligence?
o Mental skill
o Whether intelligence is just a general mental skills or think of people having specific
skills intelligence many things
o Intelligence has to do with good performance in cognitive tasks, but what counts for
good performance?
o Stephen harper knows everthing about hockey, dion former professor uni
o Bill Gates richest man, what made him richest? Same skills as harper?
o He was great visionary etc, what kind of mental skills make him richest, are they same?
o Issue here whether intelligence one skill you good at one thing you good at others or
whther many skills involved
x Is Intelligence a Single Thing?
o Look at athletes is athleticism one skills or many different skills?
o If person good at one than he should be good at others
o Runner -> Soccer, Biking Tennis -> Hockey
o If someone good at one likely to be good at all good athlete? Well no
o Just like athleticism intelligence is not a single ability
x Autistic Savant Syndrome
o Savant(genius-french)
o Very rare case in which an individual with an IQ that is well below average has an
exceptional talent in a particular area
o Very autistic challenged, but good at one single thing. One common talent savant is
 Calendar calculation (given date, they know day of week)
 Amazing feats of memory
 Great musical ability despite the lack of formal training
 Mastery of several languages
x Partitioning Intelligence
o Spearman (1927) first psychologists to theorize about human intelligence
o Test most abilities in mental realm, if good in one likely to do well in other
o Spearman noticed same with test of intelligence correlations with intelligence
o G factor (g for general) underlies all cognitive functions
o S factor (s for specific) specific inclinations at certain things
x Identifying factors via factor analysis
o Psychologists more recently have relied on statistical method called factor analysis
o Take form all people participating in study their score on measures taken and as
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