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Lecture

Lecture 22


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYA02H3
Professor
John Bassili

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Psychology II Lecture 22
Dyadic Conversation
-involve 2 people
-A-B-A-B structure
-when a person stops, the other person talks
-A and B take turn
-listener is attentive and looks at the speaker
-speaker usually looks away from speaker because they need to reserve mental space to
concentrate speech production
-speaker looks at listener to signal him when it’s almost his time to talk
Emblem
-nonverbal gestures that can or cannot be found in dictionary
-has meaning to inform others
-different gestures are found in culture
-head nod, winks, shrug
Illustrator
-nonverbal gestures that are not found in dictionary
-can emphasize speech
-hand waving and finger snapping
Backchannel Communication
-listener gives responsive reaction to speaker
-may be thought as distraction to speaker, but it is actually useful in guiding communication
-researcher uses a tape of the listener’s responsive reaction in another conversation and it is a
distraction for the listener
Affiliative Conflict Theory
-every dyadic interaction has appropriate level of intimacy
-best friends and romantic partner have high level
-stranger and professor have low level
Factors that affect level of intimacy
1) Physical distance
-close distance means more intimacy
-farther distance means less intimacy
2) Topic
-exam question has less intimacy
-problem with friend has more intimacy
3) Smiling
4) Eye contact
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