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24 Mar 2011
School
Department
Course
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Psychology II Lecture 28
Hypochondriasis
-excessive fear of illness
-alert of physical symptoms
-worry about health
Causes of anxiety disorders
1. Stressful life event
-hypersensitive to cue that triggers the past event
2. Childhood adversity
-worry about danger as a child
3. Attachment style
-insecure relationship with parent
4. Learning mechanism
-develop fear after a bad experience
5. Cognition
-the way a person thinks causes anxiety
-assume the worst to happen
6. Biology
-brain chemistry
-high heritability
Treatment
Medication
1. Benzodiazepines
-effective way to reduce anxiety in early stage
2. SRI (serotonin reuptake inhibitor)
-serotonin is a neurotransmitter that is relevant in mood and anxiety
-control depression
-inhibit serotonin reuptake means there is a greater amount of serotonin
Psychotherapy
1. Cognitive behavioural therapy
-patient is taught to realize and avoid catastrophic thinking
2. Systemic desensitization
-begin with source of fear
-work to get patient becomes relaxed when the object of fear comes closer
-successive step of bringing the phobia to the patient
-associate feeling of relaxation with the fear of object
-try to remove bad feeling with the object
-bring the object closer through conditioning and association
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Document Summary

Causes of anxiety disorders: stressful life event. Hypersensitive to cue that triggers the past event: childhood adversity. Worry about danger as a child: attachment style. Develop fear after a bad experience: cognition. Effective way to reduce anxiety in early stage: sri (serotonin reuptake inhibitor) Serotonin is a neurotransmitter that is relevant in mood and anxiety. Inhibit serotonin reuptake means there is a greater amount of serotonin. Patient is taught to realize and avoid catastrophic thinking: systemic desensitization. Work to get patient becomes relaxed when the object of fear comes closer. Successive step of bringing the phobia to the patient. Associate feeling of relaxation with the fear of object. Try to remove bad feeling with the object. Bring the object closer through conditioning and association www. notesolution. com: psychoanalysis. Find out the causes of anxiety in the sub-consciousness. Try to find the cause of the upsetting character.

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