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Lecture

Lecture 28


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYA02H3
Professor
John Bassili

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Psychology II Lecture 28
Hypochondriasis
-excessive fear of illness
-alert of physical symptoms
-worry about health
Causes of anxiety disorders
1. Stressful life event
-hypersensitive to cue that triggers the past event
2. Childhood adversity
-worry about danger as a child
3. Attachment style
-insecure relationship with parent
4. Learning mechanism
-develop fear after a bad experience
5. Cognition
-the way a person thinks causes anxiety
-assume the worst to happen
6. Biology
-brain chemistry
-high heritability
Treatment
Medication
1. Benzodiazepines
-effective way to reduce anxiety in early stage
2. SRI (serotonin reuptake inhibitor)
-serotonin is a neurotransmitter that is relevant in mood and anxiety
-control depression
-inhibit serotonin reuptake means there is a greater amount of serotonin
Psychotherapy
1. Cognitive behavioural therapy
-patient is taught to realize and avoid catastrophic thinking
2. Systemic desensitization
-begin with source of fear
-work to get patient becomes relaxed when the object of fear comes closer
-successive step of bringing the phobia to the patient
-associate feeling of relaxation with the fear of object
-try to remove bad feeling with the object
-bring the object closer through conditioning and association
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