PSYA02H3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 6: Hypothesis, Wason Selection Task, Inductive Reasoning
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PSYA02H3 Full Course Notes
Inferring specific instances from general principles: categorical syllogism, an argument describing the relations between categories of things. The beetle is reliable: conditional syllogism, an argument describing the conditional relations between events. Premise 1: if p then q reliable. If it is a vw, then it is. Inferring general principles from specific instances: general induction: known instances , specific induction: some instances , hypothesis a proposition that can be evaluated or tested by gathering, no inductive process can ever be certain: we cannot know all the. *all* instances other instances evidence to support or refute it instances that may exist, any one of which may disprove the generalization. Errors in inductive reasoning: confirmation bias, the disinclination to seek evidence that would indicate whether a, e. g. , the wason 2 4 6 task hypothesis is false. Any set of numbers increasing by two: e. g. , 7 9 11.