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Lecture

chapter 15 part 2

2 Pages
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Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYA02H3
Professor
John Bassili

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Lecture 20 (02-03-11): Chapter 15 Social influence
Obedience: a person of a higher status (authority) issues an order and people obey it
History offers many examples of atrocities:
-Systemic killing of millions by Nazis in WWII
-U.S. soldiers massacre in My Lair during Vietnam War
Some it is honourable and appreciated but at times it is bad (Nazis example), when Nazis
Germany was lost and people who were doing the massacre was captured, they said thatI didnt
do anything wrong, all I was doing is being a good officer and following orders from my high er
officer, I didnt develop the machine that was used to kill many people” and they said that they
did because they were ordered to do it
Were these people different form us? Were they cold-blooded killers? Was their personality the
cause of their behaviour?
Social psychologists say that the situation often exerts strong pressures on the individual; orders
given by t he people in author ity create such pressures
Example: Milgram (a psychologist) did an experiment where they is a person in-charge who
choose a person to administer shocks to a person who was part of the experimenter’s team, it was
a memory t ask and the person was told to administer shocks every time the person would get the
question wrong, the severity of the shock would increase as the number of questions, the person
got wrong increased.
VIDEO: there are 40 subjects ranging in various jobs (doctor, teacher, etc), the experimenter told
the participant that there was two ways of learning; one of them was tha t people tend to learn
better when they are punished for t heir mistakes and the other is not punishing them and they are
seeing what effects the punishments will have on le arning. The level of shock ranged from low to
moderate to strong to very strong to intense to very dangerous. The teacher heard the learner
screaming and said get me out of here, the teacher heard this but kept going because he was told
by the guy in-charge to keep going (he saidthe experiment must continue), he said he wont
continue until they made sure that he was safe. Out of the 100 people placed on the experiment,
we would think about 1/100 would go till the end but about 50% of the people went till the end.
Some of the teachers even laughed while issuing shocks even when the learner was in pain, a lot
of the people continued because they were told to. Some of them refused to go because they
didnt want to take the responsibility for t he mans health but some still continued. After a while,
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Description
Lecture 20 (02-03-11): Chapter 15 Social influence Obedience: a person of a higher status (authority) issues an order and people obey it History offers many examples of atrocities: - Systemic killing of millions by Nazis in WWII - U.S. soldiers massacre in My Lair during Vietnam War Some it is honourable and appreciated but at times it is bad (Nazis example), when Nazis Germany was lost and people who were doing the massacre was captured, they said that I didnt do anything wrong, all I was doing is being a good officer and following orders from my higher officer, I didnt develop the machine that was used to kill many people and they said that they did because they were ordered to do it Were these people different form us? Were they cold-blooded killers? Was their personality the cause of their behaviour? Social psychologists say that the situation often exerts strong pressures on the individual; orders given by the people in authority create such pressures Example: Milgram (a psychologist) did an experiment where they is a person in-charge who choose a person to administer shocks to a person who was part of the experimenters team, it was a memory task and the person was told to administer shocks every time the person would get the question wrong,
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