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Psychology (7,991)
PSYA02H3 (1,057)
John Bassili (120)
Lecture

chapter 15 part 3

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Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYA02H3
Professor
John Bassili

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Bystander Apathy: It is when there is someone in need of help but we dont do anyt hing to help
them, just stand there and watch
Example: Kitty Genovese (a woman who was stabbed 3 different times many times, 35 minutes
apart but even though t here were 38 witnesses present, no one called 911 until the last minute)
VIDEO: a woman bag was just snatched and she was screaming for help but no one tried to help
her because we all expect others to do something, people look around, when they dont do
anything, we dont either, after that a man fakes a heart attack to see how many peopl e will stop
to help him, but many passed by and pretended not to see anything, but after a long time a few
came for ward to help
People usually notice a person may need help, they interpret the event as one that requires help,
they assume responsibility, t hey decide how to provide assistance, and finally help them
Explanations:
Diffusion of responsibility: when there are lots of people at the scene of crime, we tend to ask
ourselves why me? They know that others were there but dont know if they called the cops or
not (they assume by now someone would’ve called the police) -> Kitty Genovese example
Pluralistic ignorance: there a lot of people who are trying to get info from others but the others
are also ignorant -> purse snatching example
Cost: intervening has a lot of costs, you could do something other than helping (stopping to he lp
inter r upts to job, you have a job so you dont have time to help, or protection danger)
The Self
The self concept: the way we perceive ourselves and feel we are perceived by others (it is usually
given by our past and present together and for ms the basis of our future aspirations)
VIDEO: K.C, he was in a motorcycle accident and lost almost all his past memories, but he
remembered certain facts about his past, he has no memories, he remembers facts but no
memories that go with i t, to him everyone is new, memory is really important for us to
understand our self (self concept), his semantic memory is still present (knows how to put the
books in the library)
K.C was asked to do a personality test, he did it but the researcher didnt know if he just put
check marks or not, so he asked Kents mother and relatives to do it and their answers matched
Kents
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Description
Bystander Apathy: It is when there is someone in need of help but we dont do anything to help them, just stand there and watch Example: Kitty Genovese (a woman who was stabbed 3 different times many times, 35 minutes apart but even though there were 38 witnesses present, no one called 911 until the last minute) VIDEO: a woman bag was just snatched and she was screaming for help but no one tried to help her because we all expect others to do something, people look around, when they dont do anything, we dont either, after that a man fakes a heart attack to see how many people will stop to help him, but many passed by and pretended not to see anything, but after a long time a few came forward to help People usually notice a person may need help, they interpret the event as one that requires help, they assume responsibility, they decide how to provide assistance, and finally help them Explanations: Diffusion of responsibility: when there are lots of people at the scene of crime, we tend to ask ourselves why me? They know that others were there but dont know if they called the cops or not (they assume by now someone wouldve called the police) -> Kitty Genovese example Pluralistic
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