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Lecture 20

Lecture 20 notes

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Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYA02H3
Professor
John Bassili

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Lecture 20 - Social Influence
Conformity: one form of social inf luence
Direct social influence : obedience to author ity
- author ity issues an order
- obedience is usually a good thing; parents holding author ity over children and give them instructions/guidance and
the child needs to obey
- second world war: atrocities were committed by the Nazis where Jewish people were systematically killed
- the defence used by people ‘ I was just a good officer obeying orders ; explanation for immense atrocities for
WW2
- Vietnam war us soldiers massacre in My Lai in the 70’s ; US was trying to win the war
- public opinion against war in US ; shook American public into realizing what’s going on
- William Kali ordered men to enter village and kill villagers because they thought that they were supports of the
enemy
situation often exerts strong pressures on the individual; orders given by people in authority create such
pressures
Milgrams research on obedience to authority
- found a surprising level of obedience
- doing what authority wants person to do; people become concerned or upset, authori t y debr ief person
- Nazis: they are psycho path, personality is wor ped , cause trouble because of personality OR some situations where
given an author ity, that a good number of people would circum to the author ity; when the forces are benevolent, they
are pressured to do bad things
Graph:
- shows how when they see the person responding to the shock because of what the person is doing.. It changes the
subjects behaviour
- religiosity administer more shock; more susceptible to authori t y
- big story, situation gets more people to behave because of pressure
Factors that inf luence obedience
- the psychological proximity to the learner
- the psychological proximity of the aut hority
- personal responsibility for administering the shock
Autonomy vs. Agency
- Autonomy: when we operate in full knowledge that we are responsible for our actions; our moral principles guide
our behaviour; we look inside ourselves for answers
-Agency: when we perceive ourselves as agents of someone else\s authority
- when authority says that he/she is responsible for whatever happens, the autonomy leads to agency… person feels
that they arent responsible and then tend to do what they wouldnt have done
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Description
Lecture 20 - Social Influence Conformity: one form of social influence Direct social influence : obedience to authority - authority issues an order - obedience is usually a good thing; parents holding authority over children and give them instructionsguidance and the child needs to obey - second world war: atrocities were committed by the Nazis where Jewish people were systematically killed - the defence used by people I was just a good officer obeying orders ; explanation for immense atrocities for WW2 - Vietnam war us soldiers massacre in My Lai in the 70s ; US was trying to win the war - public opinion against war in US ; shook American public into realizing whats going on - William Kali ordered men to enter village and kill villagers because they thought that they were supports of the enemy situation often exerts strong pressures on the individual; orders given by people in authority create such pressures Milgrams research on obedience to authority - found a surprising level of obedience - doing what authority wants person to do; people become concerned or upset, authority debrief person - Nazis: they are psycho path, personality is worped , cause troub
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