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PSYA02H3 (1,057)
John Bassili (120)
Lecture

Lecture 21 Notes

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Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYA02H3
Professor
John Bassili

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Lecture 21
Bystander Apathy: bystanders are apathetic; dont do anything when they are witnessing some emergency
- or they act in a heroic way;
Video:
- a woman stabbed to death with so many people watching; no one wanted to get involved
- set up a scene where someone is stealing a womans purse; no one did anything
- a person faking a heart att ack in the middle of the road; not many people stopped. When one person does then there
are others
Graph
1] noticing a person, even or situation that potentially may require help people noticed
2] interpreting the event as one that requires help
3] assuming responsibility
4] deciding how to provide assistance
5] helping
Explanation: diffusion of responsibly, pluralistic ignorance, cost
- you know that there are others, responsibility becomes diffused ; ‘ I dont need to do anything, im sure someone
else did it’
- whats going on whats going on; nothing;; norm emerges..the right t hing to do is nothing’ ;; people make excuses
- potential cost; rather do something rather than help; self ish explanation ;the higher the cost, especially interms of
personal danger, the less people are likely to help’ ; embarrassment, danger, etc
The self
- we have beliefs, values, confidence etc
- the notion ofwhat role does memor y play in the holding together for the self
- Self Concept: the way we perceive ourselves and feel we are perceived by others
- our sense of self provides the glue that hold our past and present together and froms the basis of our furture
aspirations
- many aspects of our personality, such as our self esteem, and sense of efficacy and control are based in our self
concept
K.C. was in a bad motorcycle accident; sever brain injur y ; lost all ability to remember anything new and forgotten
past history
- Does K.C. whos personality change after accident; does he know who he is
Video:
- looks at past picture: doesnt know what happened but can know who is in the picture
- can recognize his dead brother; does know how he died though ; he says not knowing feels blank, nothingness
- went to Harvard uni to talk to the memory prof; how important is memor y
provi des understanding of self
allow us to tie together all moments of time and comprise a life and pull it together and give a feeling of
existing of time; a person who can look at the past and make a future
memories do fade, allude us or lie to us
- as we age, memor y is vulnerable; more diff iculty remembering details of whats happening; sense of self and link
to past is vulnerable as we age
- Kent has not lost everything; knows dewy decimal has procedural memory
K.C.
- given a list of personality traits and was asked to indicate how they applied to him
-his mother and others familiar with him were given these traits and were asked how they applied to him
-self rating agreed with the ratings buy his mom and others
you can abstract the idea of what kind of person you are even if you dont remember anyt hing
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Description
Lecture 21 Bystander Apathy: bystanders are apathetic; dont do anything when they are witnessing some emergency - or they act in a heroic way; Video: - a woman stabbed to death with so many people watching; no one wanted to get involved - set up a scene where someone is stealing a womans purse; no one did anything - a person faking a heart attack in the middle of the road; not many people stopped. When one person does then there are others Graph 1] noticing a person, even or situation that potentially may require help people noticed 2] interpreting the event as one that requires help 3] assuming responsibility 4] deciding how to provide assistance 5] helping Explanation: diffusion of responsibly, pluralistic ignorance, cost - you know that there are others, responsibility becomes diffused ; I dont need to do anything, im sure someone else did it - whats going on whats going on; nothing;; norm emerges.. the right thing to do is nothing ;; people make excuses - potential cost; rather do something rather than help; selfish explanation ; the higher the cost, especially interms of personal danger, the less people are likely to help ; embarrassment, danger, etc The self - we have beliefs, values, confidence etc - the notion of what role does memory play in the holding together for the self - Self Concept : the way we perceive ourselves and feel we are perceived by others - our sense of self provides the glue that hold our past and present together and froms the basis of our furture aspirations - ma
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