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Lecture

psyc lec 33

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Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYA02H3
Professor
John Bassili

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Psych lecture 33
Chapter 18- treatment of mental disorders
Psychologists feel that mental disorders have to do with problems of adaptation; not
the brain going wrong (stressful situations, etc)
Talk therapy- client is upset and seeks help of psychotherapist and engages in the
therapist for health
Therapeutic alliance- individual enters into with therapist
Most psychotherapies tend to be effective; because of the therapeutic alliance-
provides safe setting, support
Psychodynamic therapies= insight therapies (gaining inside on conflicts and hang-
ups that take energy)
Psychodynamic therapy
Based on Freuds idea of repressed conflicts
Put emphasis on sexual conflicts. These were explored in psychoanalysis
Psychodynamic therapy also focuses on repressed conflicts, but the conflicts are not
necessarily sexual in nature
Freud- Mental disorders come from the amount of mental energy spent on dealing
with conflicts and stressful life events
the couch provides relaxation for client and free association (saying anything that
comes to mind)
Dream interpretation- window into the subconscious latent content (underlying)
content in the dreams are what the therapist is interested in
Transference- client may transfer feelings toward therapist
Freud- childhood issues/problems shape adult behaviour
Client centered therapy
Does not focus on the past
Carl Rogers was one of the first innovators to present a perspective not based on
unconscious conflicts
The emphasis is on focusing a warm and genuine relationship between the client and
therapist
The aim is to make the client feel worthy as a human being despite any personal
shortcomings
Empathy is conveyed by reflecting the clients feelings and sharing in their
understanding
Therapist demonstrated unconditional positive regard for the client
Therapist is non-directive, acting as a mirror and a support
Therapist does not act as an expert who knows more than the client
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Description
Psych lecture 33 Chapter 18- treatment of mental disorders Psychologists feel that mental disorders have to do with problems of adaptation; not the brain going wrong (stressful situations, etc) Talk therapy- client is upset and seeks help of psychotherapist and engages in the therapist for health Therapeutic alliance- individual enters into with therapist Most psychotherapies tend to be effective; because of the therapeutic alliance- provides safe setting, support Psychodynamic therapies= insight therapies (gaining inside on conflicts and hang- ups that take energy) Psychodynamic therapy Based on Freuds idea of repressed conflicts Put emphasis on sexual conflicts. These were explored in psychoanalysis Psychodynamic therapy also focuses on repressed conflicts, but the conflicts are not necessarily sexual in nature Freud- Mental disorders come from the amount of mental energy spent on dealing with conflicts and stressful life events the couch provides relaxation for client and free assoc
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