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Lecture

Class notes and lecture notes

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Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYA02H3
Professor
John Bassili

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Lecture 18
oPsychodynamic approach
oWhat shapes our personality
oThings that happened to us in early years- shapes who we become
oWhy?
Psychodynamics
Psycho- energy( interplay b/w elements of the brain and its
energy)
Important things in childhood that the child is fixated on or takes
with them as they grow older
oAccording to this approach, diverse sources of psychic energy interact
dynamically in each of us
oSigmund Freud is the most famous proponent of this view
Uses mental energy
oFreud’s psychoanalytic theory begins with the idea that the mind exists on
two basic levels: conscious and unconscious
oFreud believed that the mind has 3 basic structures:
oB/w 3 elements of the self that are at play all the time and determine the
way we think and what we do
Id: unconscious irrational source of primitive impulses
oThe “ID- trouble maker
place in self where all of our impulses come
from
wants gratification
pleasure principle
when it wants something it wants it now
at some level we all have desires
provides motivation to satisfies the desire
for pleasure in an instinctual manner
unconscious- more of an instinct, but not
open to our perception
Ego: conscious and realistic (respectsreality principle)
Ego= rational part of self
Reality principle
Understands reality
Puts constraints on the ID b/c the person realizes that the
pleasure principle by it self will have negative
consequences More conscious- more reflected part of the
cell
Superego: conscious and unconscious. Based on rules and
prohibitions we have internalized
Moral principle
www.notesolution.com
Conscience of the person to regulate Id
More conscious- more reflected part of the cell
oIn constraining the impulses of the Id- needs mental energy
oWhen we spend a lot of energy to regulate conflict, the person can be
susceptible to mental illness b.c the person is fighting b.w the ego and the
Id
oMetaphor
oIceberg
oConsciousness- tip of iceberg, above water
Ego + Super Ego- above water
oID- underwater, not conscious
oDefense Mechanisms
oThe conflicts created by the id’s strong impulses and the inhibitions
imposed by the ego and superego can be very upsetting
oTakes up energy to deal with unreasonableness of the ID
oUsed when there is something that is normally very upsetting
oBut cannot be accepted because it will ruin our moral ideals
oHow they defend themselves with these conflicts
oLogically deduce the right thing to do in a situation
oWhen you think about your thoughts you say it
oWhat you say is really a defense mechanism- freud
oEx, child getting all the attention from the parents, only child, happy
oMom has another child, and 1st child loses some of its attention
oChild wants the attention again
oChilds needs are not being gratified as quickly as they used to: ID not
being satisfied and the child develops hatred towards the baby
oIs it appropriate for the child to say I want to kill this child? No
oBecause of prior conflict when he was told that he couldn’t ill his brother
oThe child might hate parent but the child is also dependent on the parent
oConflict!!! From urges and desires
oWhat might the first child do to keep conflict from boiling over?
oDefense mechanism:
Repression
Most common
Problematic
Involves person with the conflict to repress (push back into
unconscious the anger) the conflict that is upsetting
Child saying that the baby is ok
No negative feelings
Too upsetting to deal with
Seek distraction
Repression takes energy
And later on can become mental illness
www.notesolution.com

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Description
Lecture 18 o Psychodynamic approach o What shapes our personality o Things that happened to us in early years- shapes who we become o Why? Psychodynamics Psycho- energy( interplay bw elements of the brain and its energy) Important things in childhood that the child is fixated on or takes with them as they grow older o According to this approach, diverse sources of psychic energy interact dynamically in each of us o Sigmund Freud is the most famous proponent of this view Uses mental energy o Freuds psychoanalytic theory begins with the idea that the mind exists on two basic levels: conscious and unconscious o Freud believed that the mind has 3 basic structures: o Bw 3 elements of the self that are at play all the time and determine the way we think and what we do Id: unconscious irrational source of primitive impulses o The ID- trouble maker place in self where all of our impulses come from wants gratification pleasure principle when it wants something it wants it now at some level we all have desires provides motivation to satisfies the desire for pleasure in an instinctual manner unconscious- more of an instinct, but not open to our perception Ego: conscious and realistic (respects reality principle) Ego= rational part of self Reality principle Understands reality Puts constraints on the ID bc the person realizes that the pleasure principle by it self will have negative consequences More conscious- more reflected part of the cell Superego: conscious and unconscious. Based on rules and prohibitions we have internalized Moral principle www.notesolution.com
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