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Lecture

Chapter 15 Lecture 4 - lecture and class notes

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Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYA02H3
Professor
John Bassili

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Lecture 22
oNon-verbal communication
oNormally- communication – producing words and phonemes (verbally)-
orally or written
oWhat we do , things we see, behavior and very communicative
oReading b/w the lines
oWe don’t realize we use it
oDyadic Conversations
o2 people conversing with each other
oDyadic conversations are conversations which involve two people. They
normally have a structure that follows an A-B-A-B form. That is, each
person takes a turn speaking and then listening
oWhere are the speaker and the listener looking when taking their turns?
oGaze Direction During Conversation
oA= tends to look away- looks at listener
oB= Looks at the speaker looks away
oWhen u are speaking u look away 50% of the time from the listener
oListener tends to look at the speaker most of the time
oTurning taking event
oTakes some coordination to avoid speaking over each other or long pauses
oWhere do people look close to the turn taking event
oThe speaker will look away. But when giving up the floor to the listener.
The speaker will look at the listener- in anticipation
oThe listener – in the anticipation, knowing it is almost my turn. The
listener will look away as he starts to think about what to say
oThere is a fair bit of signaling
oVisual behavior, sometimes tone of the voice, it is letting the listener know
that it is time to start to get ready to talk
oListener looks away to signal that he is ready to talk e over the floor
oSometimes there is interruption
oWhy does the speaker look away- more difficult role b/c needs to think
about the production of speech- uses cognitive resources so as to not get
distracted- they look away
oEvidence
disfluences when they cant think about what to say
look away
oThings people do when communicating
oEmblems: non verbal gestures that have specific definitions within a
given culture such as the Ok sign, head nods, shrugs, winks, and finger
wags
oSignals have a very clear meaning like thumbs up
oWould find in the dictionary if they were words
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Description
Lecture 22 o Non-verbal communication o Normally- communication producing words and phonemes (verbally)- orally or written o What we do , things we see, behavior and very communicative o Reading bw the lines o We dont realize we use it o Dyadic Conversations o 2 people conversing with each other o Dyadic conversations are conversations which involve two people. They normally have a structure that follows an A-B-A-B form. That is, each person takes a turn speaking and then listening o Where are the speaker and the listener looking when taking their turns? o Gaze Direction During Conversation o A= tends to look away- looks at listener o B= Looks at the speaker looks away o When u are speaking u look away 50% of the time from the listener o Listener tends to look at the speaker most of the time o Turning taking event o Takes some coordination to avoid speaking over each other or long pauses o Where do people look close to the turn taking event o The speaker will look away. But when giving up the floor to the listener. The speaker
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