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Lecture

Chapter 17 Lecture 1- lecture 27, class and lecture notes

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Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYA02H3
Professor
John Bassili

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Lecture 27
Chapter 17- The Nature and Causes of Mental Disorders
oDocumenting various disorders
oAbnormal psyc
oClassifying Mental Disorders
oThere is a wide variety of psychological disorders. Classifying them is a
prerequisite to organized diagnosis and treatment
oThe American psychiatric association’s diagnostic and statistical
manual IV (DSM- IV)- TR (text revision) is the most commonly used
classification scheme
Used to classify mental illnesses
oDSM-IV contains 5 axes that are described in the textbook. We are going
to focus on disorders contained in Axis I and II
oDSM- 4- presently very active research on the system
oContribute to the update
oA simpler Classification
o5 axes
1+ 2 are mental disorders
2- subset of disorders
Global Assessment of Functioning (GAF) – overall rating of a
person’s mental/physical health due to mental disorders
Axes I – psychological disorders that require clinical attention
(alcohol dependence)
Axes II – personality disorders (anti-social personality disorder)
Axes III – physical disorders (alcoholic cirrhosis)
Axes IV – Severity of stress (divorce, loss of job)
Axes V – overall level of psychological, social, or occupational
functioning (GAF = 30; very serious impairment of functioning)
oA less technical way of classifying mental disorders is in terms:
oCommon way of unscientific classification
Neurosis: Excessive irrational emotionality without loss of
contact with reality
Anxiety
Phobia
Obsession
Depression
Psychosis: severe disturbance of thought and emotion with loss of
contact with reality (schizophrenia)
Hallucination
Paranoia
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Description
Lecture 27 Chapter 17- The Nature and Causes of Mental Disorders o Documenting various disorders o Abnormal psyc o Classifying Mental Disorders o There is a wide variety of psychological disorders. Classifying them is a prerequisite to organized diagnosis and treatment o The American psychiatric associations diagnostic and statistical manual IV (DSM- IV)- TR (text revision) is the most commonly used classification scheme Used to classify mental illnesses o DSM-IV contains 5 axes that are described in the textbook. We are going to focus on disorders contained in Axis I and II o DSM- 4- presently very active research on the system o Contribute to the update o A simpler Classification o 5 axes 1+ 2 are mental disorders 2- subset of disorders Global Assessment of Functioning (GAF) overall rating of a persons mentalphysical health due to mental disorders Axes I psychological disorders that require clinical attention (alcohol dependence) Axes II personality disorders (anti-social personality disorder) Axes III physical disorders (alcoholic cirrhosis) Axes IV Severity of stress (divorce, loss of job) Axes V overall level of psychological, social, or occupational functioning (GAF = 30; very serious impairment of functioning) o A less technical way of classifying mental disorders is in terms: o Common way of unscientific classification Neurosis: Excessive irrational emotionality without loss of contact with reality Anxiety Phobia Obsession Depression Psychosis: severe disturbance of thought and emotion with loss of contact with reality (schizophrenia) Hallucination Paranoia www.notesolution.com
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